BYU U.S. Government part 1
Terms in this set (96)
A union of cooperating parties (in other nations).
Radical left political views
The political system most often used today to decide party candidates and policy
first US political parties
Federalists and Anti-federalists
American political parties are most active at the level
period of time between the election of a new president and the swearing-in ceremonies during which the outgoing president is still in charge
last step involved in the process of choosing a new president
TRUE or FALSE—Small political parties can easily gain national representation
individual who favors government involvement in solving social and economic problems
today's democratic party favors
strong federal government
A two-party system holds an advantage over the multiparty European systems in that
it provides stable governments that change only at election time
Is selecting the presidential nominee a job handled by the Democratic and Rupublican national committees?
The majority of American voters can usually be found in the political camp of the
The most important task of the national convention is to
select the party's candidate for president
A right-wing politician would most likely believe in
less government control over auto manufacturers
The failure of third parties to win national elections can be traced to
the tendency of the major parties to take over the ideas of third parties once these ideas become popular
The modern Republican party inherited the political tradition of the
federalists and whigs
Of the following party activities, the most democratic is the (a) national convention (b) primary election (c) giving of party patronage (d) state convention (e) party caucus
A "lame-duck" politician is one who
is waiting to leave office after a successor has been elected
Which amendment forbids slavery or servitude in the United States?
A naturalized citizen may not
American citizenship may be lost by
being convicted of treason
The doctrine of "clear and present danger" allows government to
suspend or restrict the civil rights of citizens
The right of eminent domain means that
the government may take private property in the interest of greater public good, but must justly compensate the owner
Which of the following amendments is no longer applicable?
TRUE or FALSE—Private property may be purchased by the government over the objections of property owners if it is needed for the public good
A law allowing an individual to be found guilty of a crime without due process (disallowed by the Constitution) is called a(n)
bill of attainder
A document that prevents a person from being held in jail indefinitely without being charged is a(n)
writ of habeas corpus
The Ninth Amendment states that
citizens have other rights besides those specifically mentioned in the Constitution
TRUE or FALSE—The right to "keep and bear arms" is an absolute privilege granted under the Bill of Rights.
FALSE; the government places many restrictions on the use of arms
The American colonists based their decision to revolt against British rule on
the belief that they were being denied their rights as British subjects
TRUE or FALSE—In a democracy like the United States, the wishes of the majority always outweigh the wishes of a minority.
false; certain basic rights must be safeguarded no matter how unpopular their expression might be
TRUE or FALSE—Federal protections written into the Bill of Rights have always applied to state law as well.
false; not until 1868 did the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment give the courts the legal means of extending federal civil rights guarantees to cases involving state laws
A child would not have United States citizenship who was born to
a British couple who worked at a U.S. consulate in London
In order for a revolutionary speech to be considered cause for arrest, the government must prove that it constituted
a clear and present danger
A judge is most likely to issue a search warrant
when the police have good reason to believe that a crime has been committed
TRUE or FALSE—Noncitizens living in the United States receive equal protection under the guarantees of the Constitution.
True or False—The due process clause in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments defines a citizen's right to fair and equal protection under state and federal laws.
Statements printed in a newspaper that maliciously injure someone's good name may be cause for a lawsuit under the laws against
The first ten amendments to the Constitution are called what?
the Bill of Rights
Which of the following is a right guaranteed by the First Amendment?
freedom of religion, freedom of speech and the press, freedom of assembly and petition (all of these)
If a newspaper publishes a false statement that damages an individual's reputation, it is guilty of
What does the right of eminent domain mean?
The government may take private property in the interest of greater public good, but must justly compensate the owner.
True or False—Citizens may petition the government to correct a wrong.
To be tried twice for the same crime is called
What is the term for money or property that is posted as a guarantee that the accused will return for trial?
What is the term for a citizen's right to just legal action and court procedures before punishment can be levied?
Which of the following is stated in the Ninth Amendment?
Citizens have other rights besides those specifically mentioned in the Constitution.
Which amendment is no longer applicable?
TRUE or FALSE—The British colonial policy of salutary neglect limited the development of American civil rights.
What is the term for a law that makes an action illegal even though it was committed before the law was passed?
ex post facto law
Through which of the following does the Constitution prevent a prisoner from being held indefinitely without being charged?
writ of habeas corpus
The betrayal of one's country is called
The Nineteenth Amendment extends the right to vote to
Which amendment guarantees equal protection under the law and prevents states from restricting civil rights?
the Fourteenth Amendment
A law that allows an individual to be found guilty of an offense without a trial is called
a bill of attainder
Which amendment extends the right to vote to eighteen-year-olds?
the Twenty-sixth Amendment
What did the Twenty-fourth Amendment abolish?
The Fifteenth Amendment granted voting privileges to which of the following groups?
black male citizens
Non-citizens living in the United States are called what?
By what process does an alien become a citizen of the United States?
Is serving in the armed forces of the United States a way in which an individual can acquire citizenship?
Individuals who are citizens of two nations hold
Part of the first step of naturalization
filing "first papers" that declare the applicant to be over eighteen and willing to give up their former citizenship
What is the only privilege that cannot be extended to naturalized citizens?
They cannot become president.
What is a duty that noncitizens living in the United States may participate in?
to serve in the armed forces
U.S. citizenship may be lost by (4 ways)
deliberately renouncing it, becoming a naturalized citizen of another nation, serving in the armed forces of a foreign country without the permission of the Secretary of State or Secretary of Defense, or committing treason (all of these)
naturalized citizens can lose their citizenship by
gaining their citizenship by lying or misstating the facts
T or F—It is against the law to persuade someone to become a communist.
T or F—It is against the law to urge someone to commit a violent act.
Most legal and illegal immigrants coming to the United States today are from
T or F—Since the 1960s, immigration restrictions in the United States have been tightened.
T or F—Today's legal immigrant enters the United States with greater skills and more education than in the past.
The Constitution defines treason in ______ terms.
In the Constitution, freedom from double jeopardy was included to
protect the innocent
Does the 16-year-old daughter of two newly naturalized parents automatically become a US citizen?
No; only children under 16 gain citizenship with their parents
At 18, someone with dual-citizenship must
choose which country they want to belong to
two ways delegates are chosen for national party conventions
grassroots work of political parties is done at the ________ level.
These are the three important political activities accomplished at state and national party conventions.
presidential candidate selected
vote on rules for party operation
A compromise candidate chosen at a national convention because of a deadlock over the front-runner
dark horse candidate
potential for one party to legally sabotage the other party's attempts to determine its most popular candidate
Which party activity is the most democratic?
Applying today's political labeling, an antifederalist from the year 1787 would be considered a
What type of election is most likely to be restricted to voters who have registered as members of a political party?
a primary election
The right to vote is called
An off-year election is an election year
when no presidential race is scheduled
In the United States today, states may restrict voting privileges by
setting residency requirements
Voter turnout in the United States, when compared to that of most democracies, is
T/F: During an election year it is illegal for a private citizen to give a candidate for Congress $3,000.
T/F: Only property owners could vote in early America.
By law, voters must be notified of
their polling locations.
T/F: Presidential candidates may not contribute more than $50,000 to their own campaigns.
False, actually. And that is where capitalism kills democracy.
Which of the following groups is most likely to vote for the Democratic Party? a) college-educated people; b) blue-collar workers; c) farmers & professionals
The taxpayer checkoff helps...
equalize spending in presidential campaigns.
What is NOT a reason voter turnout is low? a) bad weather; b) 2-party system; c) bad publicity