Photography Test 1

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Terms in this set (99)
bracketingprocess of shooting what is presumed to be the right exposure for a frame and then safeguarding yourself by shooting at least two additional exposures, one on either side of that "right" one, underexposing one and overexposing the other.bulbshutter speed dial selection that keeps the shutter open as long as you keep the shutter button depressedcamera buffera holding pen, for the electronic, digitized information you just shot as that info moves from your camera to your memory cardcamera obscuraoptical device, usually a box w/ a lens adapted on a shakemovement of a camera when the exposure is being made that results in a blurred or unsharp image, especially at slow shutter speeds.catchlightreflection of a light in your subjects eyes.chimpinglooking at each frame right after shooting itcloseuppicture of a subject that fills the framecompositionarrangement of the elements of a scenecontrastrefers to quality of light and how quickly a scene rotates from bright highlight into blackcrop factorall about sensor sizecroppingremoving parts of an image's edges in order to improve the compositondedicated flashelectronic flash unit, designed to work w/ a specific model of camera, that integrates w/ the camera's exposure meter and exposure controls to allow the fully automatic use of the flashdepth of fieldrange of distance in a scene that appears to be in focus, its basically what is sharp in the picturediaphragman adjustable set of overlapping, movable metal blades inside a lens that determines the amount of light entering a cameradiffuserlight softenerdigital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR)digital camera w/ only one lens for both viewing and picture takingdioptereyeglasses for your cameradistortionrefers to what occurs from using certain kinds of lensesEV buttonbutton that allows you to adjust the exposure up or down, according to your taste, even when the camera is in an automatic metering mode.exposurehow much light hits the sensorexposure value (EV)denotes all combinations of a camera's shutter speed and aperture that give the same exposureexternal hard drivesmall, portable storage device for digital informationfield of viewarea of a scene that a lens seesfill flashlight source that illuminates an area of a photograph that would otherwise be too darkfilm speedmeasure of how sensitive the film is, or how quickly it can react to light, often quantified as its ISO, Int'l Organization for Standardizationfish-eye lensa wide lens that generally has a coverage of about 180 degreesflareuncontrolled or powerful light hitting the lens at a bad angle and creating a very bright spot or lines in your photograph is called flareflashlight source used to produce instantaneous illumination on the subject of a photographflash sync speedrefers to the speed at which the flash will synchronize w/ a shutter speed of your choosingflat lightquality of light that is lifeless and has just about zero contrastfocus cursorsthese are movable little doobers in your viewfinder that direct the sensitivity of the autofocus system right to where you want it to go, presumably the the area of critical focus in your picture.frameextent of the picture, including the subject, foreground and backgroundframes per seconddescribes how fast you can take picturesf-stopclicks on the aperture dial that open and close the diaphragm blades of the lensgaffer tapeheavy-duty photographer's tape that is easily removedglassphoto slang for 'lens'gray carda gray cardhard lightingbright, intense light that causes sharp, dark windows.high dynamic range (HDR)process in which shooters take numerous different exposures of the same thing, and then, in post-processing, combine them all into one picturehighlightbrighter areas of a photo, which are sometimes tough to control.histogramgraph of the shadow-to-highlight values of a picturehot shoea slotted bracket that connects an external flash or other device to the camera, located atop the view prism, or viewfinder, just above where you look through the cameraISOrefers to the sensitivity of the chip, or sensor, and expresses in numeric fashion the "speed" at which the sensor will accept lightJPEGvery popular file format for digital photographsKelvin temperaturetemperature of lightlens shadean accessory affixed to the end of the lens, used to reduce glare and prevent lens flarelens-stabilizing systemlenses that, by pushing or sliding a button on the lens itself, can engage an onboard system of stabilization to combat camera shakeLiquid crystal displaylittle hi-def TV on the back of your cameralive viewa way to compose your photograph w/out putting your eye to the viewfindermacro lenslens optimized for close workmacro photographytaking pictures very close in, or of things that are really small, like bugsmanualbooklet that comes in the box w/ your camera- not "manual exposure" or "manual focus" noble exercises that they are.memory cardthe storage devices for digital images, the images can be erased, and the cards reused many timesmetadatainfo, such as camera settings and exposures, embedded directly into a digital image filemeter (metering)the device that measures the amount of light in the frame-or parts of the frame-that you're trying to shoot, and metering is the act of gauging and using this devicemirror lockupa feature allowing you to lock the little mirror inside your camera up and out of the way after the scene is composed and focusednoisea noisy file is one that is filled w/ digital grain, or noise (not as in loud)normal lenslens w/ a focal length around 50mm, the middle ground between wide-angle, shorter lenses and telephoto, longer lensesoverexposuretoo much light hitting the sensorpanningtechnique to convey motionpanoramic cameraspecialized camera that takes in extremely elongated fields of viewpixeltiny dots that-in very large numbers-make up the digital picturepost-processingthings you do to your photos after you take them but before your print or publish themprime lenslens that does not zoom, or in other words, a single-focal-length lensraw filea digital file format that contains untouched, "raw" pixel information straight from the camera's sensorsreflectoranything you can get your hands on that reflects lightresolutionthe number of pixels contained in a digital image, is the salient statistic in today's pixel warsrule of thirdsbasic rule of composition, good to have in the back of your head when you are sizing up a sceneselective focustechnique in which the photographer keeps the subject in sharp focus and everything else in the frame fuzzy and out of focusself timeroption that inserts a delay between the moment you depress the shutter release and the instant the camera takes the picturesensorthe digital filmsensor cleaningsomething that must be done periodically, otherwise your sensor, and hence your image, will look like a car windshield after driving on the highway on a hot Georgia nightshooterphotog slang for "photographer"shutterthe tiny device that, when closed, keeps light away from the sensorshutter speedrefers to the duration of an exposuresidelightinglighting whose source is located to the side of the photograph's subject or subjectssoft lightingdiffuse or relatively dim lighting that doesnt create dark or clearly delineated shadowsstopping downthe process of making the f-stop smaller, which means clicking toward the bigger numbersteleconvertersmall, barrel-like tube contains its own lens element that couples the main lens and the camera together and increases the focal length of the lens.telephoto lensthis lens w/ a very long focal length is able to magnify-or zoom in- on distant objectstripod3-footed device upon which a camera can be mounted for increased stabilityunderexposurean effect achieved when there is not enough light in a photoview camerabulky camera with an accordionlike attachment between the lens and viewfinder, capable of producing truly grandiose imageryviewfinderyou look through this when you shootvignettingterm refers to a gradual darkening of your image at the corners and edgeswhite balanceprocess by which the photographer strives to "correct" lighting conditions so that colors appear lifelike whatever the type of light in which the photograph was madewide-angle lenslens w/ a relatively short focal length but an extended field of viewzoom lenslens w/ a variable focal length