Romantic Period Test : Music Appreciation
Terms in this set (67)
Characteristics of romanticism:
A fascination with fantasy
An enthusiasm for the culture of the Middle Ages An interest in exoticism and the past
Of all the inspirations for romantic art, none was more important than _________.
Characteristics of romantic music:
Romantic music puts unprecedented emphasis on self-expression and the individuality of style.
Romantic composers relied upon a more prominent use of chromatic harmony, or the use of chords containing tones not found in the prevailing major or minor scale.
A romantic composition tends to have a wide variety of keys and rapid modulations.
An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to __________ musicians.
The orchestra of the romantic period was larger and more varied in tone color than the _________ __________.
Because of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, many aristocrats could no longer afford to maintain private opera houses, orchestras, and ____________________.
"composers in residence."
Some social conditions for music of the romantic period:
Romantic composers wrote primarily for a middle-class audience whose size and prosperity had increased because of the industrial revolution.
Music conservatories were founded in Chicago, Cleveland, Boston, Oberlin, and Philadelphia during the 1860s.
The 19th century public was captivated by virtuosity.
_______________________ career was a model for many romantic composers.
pLudwig van Beethoven's
The rise of the urban middle class led to:
Piano becoming a fixture in every middle class home Formation of many orchestras and opera groups Development of regular subscription concerts
When music conservatories were founded,___________ were at first accepted as students of performance, but by the late 1800s could study musical composition
An ___________ is a musical composition for solo voice and piano.
The word ________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text.
The German composers of art songs favored, among others, the lyric poetry of _________________ and _______________
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Heinrich Heine.
________________ - Set of romantic art songs that may be unified by a story line that runs through the poems, or by musical ideas linking the songs.
Through-composed - A translation of the German term _________________, is a song form that allows music to reflect a poem's changing moods.
- A song form that has the same music set to each stanza of lyric poetry.
The accompaniment of a romantic art song is an integral part of the composer's conception, and it serves as an interpretive partner to the ________
The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a _____________
Schubert's primary source of income came from his musical ______________
Schubert's symphonies are comparable to his idol_______________
______________ was the first great master of the romantic art song.
Schubert wrote more than __________ songs.
Schubert was _______ when he composed the song Erlkönig, set to a poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
The form of _________________ is through-composed.
The character, the Erlkönig is a romantic personification of __________
The piano's relentless rhythm in Erlkönig suggests the __________________
Music criticism was a source of income for _______________
founded and edited the New Journal of Music
tried to combat the commercial trash that flooded the market
wrote appreciative reviews of young "radical" composers like Chopin and Berlioz
Schumann's works are:
usually linked with descriptive titles, or programs essentially lyrical in nature
Clara Wieck was:
the daughter of Schumann's piano teacher a virtuoso pianist
Robert Schumann's ___________ is a cycle of piano pieces.
______________ artistic and personal life was shaped by the influence of both Robert and Clara
Brahms' works are rooted in the music of ____________, ____________, and ______________.
Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven.
Wrote in all musical forms popular during his life except opera
His Hebrides Overtures are program music written to portray an agitated sea through swells and surges of sound
Best known symphonies: The Italian and the Scottish
Credited for rekindling interest in J.S. Bach with the performance of Bach's St. Matthew Passion
High point of his career was the triumphant premier of his oratorio Elijah in England
Wagner had an opera house built to his own specifications in
Wagner envisioned the music drama as a Gesamtkunstwerk, or "universal art work," which:
there is a continuous musical flow
all the arts - music, drama, dance, painting - are fused
the vocal line is inspired by rhythms and pitch fluctuations in the German text
Wagner's first successful opera was
The librettos to ______________________ were written by Wagner himself.
The Ring of the Nibelung
A short musical idea associated with a person, object, of thought, used by Richard Wagner in his operas.
instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene
music written for its own sake.
the slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music.
Chopin expressed his love of ________ by composing polonaises and mazurkas.
_________________ a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on literary or pictorial ideas.
Symphonic poem (tone poem) -
The symphonic poem (tone poem) was developed by _________________
a technique (used by Liszt) altering the characteristics of a melody by changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm which unified contrasting moods.
an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
music intended to be performed before and during a play to set the mood for scenes or highlight dramatic action.
The musical scores composed for the movies may be regarded as examples of _______________ music
the contrasting episodes of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony are unified by the reoccurrance of a theme.
__________ was extraordinarily imaginative in treating the orchestra, creating tone colors never before heard.
The citizen's sense of national identity and patriotic feelings were intensified by:
romanticism, which glorified love for one's national heritage
common bonds of language, culture, and history
military resistance to Napoleon
Composers expressed musical nationalism in their music by:
using the rhythms of the dances if their homelands using their national legends as subject matter
basing their music on the folk songs of their country
The composer who is considered the father of Russian music is ________________
The _______________ were five composers who met together in the 1860's with the aim to create a truly Russian music.
The most original, and probably the greatest of the Russian five, was ________________
was a rich patron who provided Tchaikovsky with an annuity.
Nadezhda von Meck
Concert overtures by Tchaikovsky include:
Romeo and Juliet
Some of Tchaikovsky's more popular ballets were:
The Sleeping Beauty
The founder of Czech national music was ________________
Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia's main river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river, and the musical composition, is the __________
Smetana's successor of Czech national music was ______________
In the first movement of the New World Symphony, Dvoràk composed a theme that
Swing Low Sweet Chariot.
Popular operas by ________ include:
La Traviata Il Trovatore Otello
Rigoletto Aïda Falstaff
At the age of seventy-nine, Verdi completed the comic masterpiece ________
Popular operas composed by ___________ include:
Turnadot Tosca Madame Butterfly La Bohéme
___________ - artistic trend of the 1890's, in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true-to-life situations