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17 terms

Landmark Case Review

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Marbury v Madison
...Established the principle of judicial review
McCulloch v Maryland
...Emphasized the implied powers of Congress; specifically the power to create a bank
Dred Scott v Sanford
...The Supreme Court did not actually rule in this case; instead, it determined that a slave is not a person
Miranda v Arizona
...Established an accused person's rights must be verbalized
Plessy v Ferguson
...Established the separate but equal principle
Brown v Board of Education
...Overturned the separate but equal principle; required the integration of public schools
Gideon v Wainwright
...Required all individuals charged with a crime to be offered an attorney
Roe v Wade
...A woman's right to privacy is protected by the Constitution
U.S. v Nixon
...Questioned the constitutionality of executive privilege
Hazelwood v Kuhlmeier
... Established school authority to censor information in student newspapers
Tinker v Des Moines
...Students can protest peacefully, as long as it doesn't distract from the educational environment (wore black armbands to school)
New Jersey v TLO
...School administrators can search a student without violating their 4th Amendment rights
Engel v Vitale
This landmark case dealt with the constitutionality of mandatory prayer in public schools
Gibbons v Ogden
This case dealt with two individuals who were given permission to run ferries between New York and New Jersey; one was given permission from the state and the other from the national government
University of California v Bakke
This dealt with the constitutionality of affirmative action during admissions processes
Korematsu v US
Dealt with the constitutionality of detaining citizens during times of war
Mapp v Ohio
Dealt with the issue of unreasonable searches and seizures and whether or not evidence obtained through illegal searches can be used in a trial