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Biology Unit #4 Study Guide
Terms in this set (99)
The four basic body tissue types are:
Groups of cells with a common function make up a ____________.
Groups of tissues that perform a special body function make up a(n) ____________.
The liver is located in the ____________ cavity.
The heart is located in the ____________ cavity.
The muscle that divides the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity is the ____________.
The process that works to counteract a stimulus is ____________.
Which type of tissue is made mostly of protein?
Ground substance is an important part of which tissue type?
The two main types of glands are____________ and ____________.
The tissue type that protects and covers the body is ____________.
A mammary gland that excretes milk is which type of gland?
Organs that secrete or excrete substances are ____________.
Calcium is most important for the growth of which kind of tissue?
Organize the muscle structures in order from largest to smallest:
2. muscle fascicles
3. muscle fibers
In muscles, blood vessels and nerves are in connective tissue between ____________.
The two proteins responsible for muscle contractions are ____________ and ____________.
The signal-sending cell of the nervous system is the ____________.
The two parts of the Central Nervous System are the ____________ and ____________.
brain; spinal chord
When you touch a hot object a sensory cell sends a ____________signal to your brain.
A ____________ cell carries messages from your brain to your hand.
The cells in your brain are ____________ cells.
When you step on a sharp object, the nervous reflex to jump back is controlled by the ____________.
The synapse is a space between the ____________ and the ____________.
axon terminal; receiving cell
Which division of the autonomic nervous system stimulates "fight or flight" responses?
Which division of the autonomic nervous system causes organs to "rest and digest"?
What part of the brain includes the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata?
What part of the brain controls thought and memory?
What process results in a temporary reversal of electrical charges across a nerve membrane?
What white matter coats the outside of axons?
When a neuron is not sending signals, ____________ ions are concentrated outside the cell membrane.
Hormones are moved through the body by the ____________ system.
The posterior pituitary stores hormones secreted by the ____________ gland.
Which gland controls the rate of your metabolism?
Which gland produces T cells for the immune system?
What two hormones produced by the pancreas control glucose levels in your blood?
insulin and glucagon
Organs respond to different hormones because their cells have different shaped ____________.
Steroid hormones are produced from ____________ molecules.
What is the "master gland" of the endocrine system?
Vaccinations cause your body to produce ____________ against a particular disease organism.
Macrophages are important in which type of specific immunity?
Cells that eat other cells are called ____________.
In cell-mediated immunity, cells that kill other cells by destroying their cell membranes are called ____________.
The tissue type that provides support for other body tissues is ____________ tissue.
The organ that protects and covers the body is the ____________.
Fat is also known as____________ tissue.
Myosin and actin are found in ____________ tissue.
Which two organ systems work together to bring food nutrients to your muscle cells?
digestive and cardiovascular
Which two organ systems work together to deliver oxygen to your muscle cells?
respiratory and cardiovascular
Which system drains interstitial fluids from between muscle cells?
The ____________ system coordinates responses to events in the external environment.
The ____________ system coordinates responses to events in the internal environment.
The thyroid gland is a part of the ____________ system.
The largest organ in the body is the ____________.
Young bone cells that build bones are ____________.
Mature bone cells that maintain bones are ____________.
Enzyme-producing bone cells that remove minerals from the bone are ____________.
Bone matrix is made of the minerals ____________ and ____________.
calcium and phosphorous
Compact bone is organized into long, cylindrical units called ____________.
Which kind of muscle is under voluntary control?
Which kind of muscle is involuntary and striated?
Which kind of muscle controls the contraction of blood vessels?
An antibody is produced in our body, in response to a specific ____________.
Swelling, redness, heat and pain are symptoms of which non-specific defense?
The HIV virus attacks ____________ cells.
Tissue damage causes mast cells to release ____________ into the interstitial fluid.
Where in the body are B-cells produced?
Tears and saliva contain bacteria-killing enzymes called ____________.
Immune system cells in the blood are the ____________ cells.
What protein in red blood cells binds to oxygen?
Albumins, fibrinogen, globulins are three types of ____________.
In blood, K+, Na+, and Cl- are ____________.
Gas exchange occurs in which type of blood vessels?
Blood from the pulmonary circuit goes to which heart chamber?
The blood vessels that supply heart muscle with oxygen are ____________.
Which blood vessels have one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing backwards?
In the lungs, gas exchange takes place in the ____________.
True or false: Dendrites send nerve signals.
True or false: Skin cells live for about six weeks.
True or false: The axial skeleton includes the skull, ribs, and vertebral column.
True or false: Warm-blooded animals use more energy than cold-blooded animals.
True or false: A pain receptor is a type of nerve tissue.
True or false: The skin is composed only of nervous tissue.
True or false: The dermis is made up of connective tissue.
True or false: Glands are made up of epithelial tissue
True or false: Bone is not living tissue
True or false: A single muscle cell can be as long as the whole muscle
True or false: When we produce antibodies to fight a pathogen, we develop active immunity
True or false: The stomach produces hormones
True or false: Axons carry signals to the next nerve cell
True or false: A nerve is smaller than a neuron.
True or false: Steroid hormones are made from cholesterol
True or false: Hormones are used to maintain homeostasis
True or false: The anterior pituitary makes human growth hormone
True or false: B cell receptors can recognize only one antigen
True or false: Vaccinations stimulate antibody-mediated immunity
True or false: Oxidized LDLs in artery walls trigger inflammatory immune response
True or false: Aorta = largest blood vessel in the pulmonary circuit
True or false: Wastes in interstitial fluid enter the venuos ends of capillaries by osmosis
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