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These are basic geography terms.


All of the surroundings of a place


Physical features of the earth


The kind of weather a place has over a long period of time

Tropical Climate

A type of climate found in the areas just north or south of the equator, where weather is usually hot.

Temperate Climate

A type of climate found in areas that are farther from the equator than the tropics, where there are changing seasons and mild weather that is neither too hot or too cold

Polar Climate

A type of climate found in the areas around the north and south pole, where the weather is cold.


The height above sea level

Natural Resources

The materials found in nature that people can use, such as water, air, soil and animals


Plant life

Fossil Fuels

The remains of plants and animals that have died thousands of years ago

Cultural Geography

The study of the way of life of people


The way of life for a group of people, including their beliefs, customs, rules, and ways of relating to each others.

Ethnic Group

A group of people who share a language, history, and/or place of origin


The practices from the past that people continue to observe


How goods, people, information and animals move from place to place.


Finding either the exact or relative location of a place or person.


Comparing the natural and man-made features of an area, to determine its uniqueness.


An area with common features that sets it apart from another area.

Human-Environment Interaction (H-E I)

How the environment is influenced and influences humans.


An imaginary line that circles the earth halfway between the North and South Pole @ O degrees.

Prime Meridian

Divides the world into the eastern and western hemisphere @ 0 degrees longitude.


Large body of land (7 on earth) Asia, North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Australia, and Antarctica.


Half of the earth. Four in the world: Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western.


the mathematical relationship by which distances on a map reduce actual distances on earth

Map Key

explains the lines, symbols, and colors used on a map

Compass Rose

A tool on a map showing cardinal (N,E,S,W) and intermediate (NE,SE,NW,SW) directions.

Cardinal Directions

North, South, East, and West

Intermediate Directions

Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest

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