28 terms

Physical & Cultural Geography Terms/Five Themes/Map Components

These are basic geography terms.
STUDY
PLAY
Environment
All of the surroundings of a place
Landforms
Physical features of the earth
Climate
The kind of weather a place has over a long period of time
Tropical Climate
A type of climate found in the areas just north or south of the equator, where weather is usually hot.
Temperate Climate
A type of climate found in areas that are farther from the equator than the tropics, where there are changing seasons and mild weather that is neither too hot or too cold
Polar Climate
A type of climate found in the areas around the north and south pole, where the weather is cold.
Elevation
The height above sea level
Natural Resources
The materials found in nature that people can use, such as water, air, soil and animals
Vegetation
Plant life
Fossil Fuels
The remains of plants and animals that have died thousands of years ago
Cultural Geography
The study of the way of life of people
Culture
The way of life for a group of people, including their beliefs, customs, rules, and ways of relating to each others.
Ethnic Group
A group of people who share a language, history, and/or place of origin
Customs
The practices from the past that people continue to observe
Movement
How goods, people, information and animals move from place to place.
Location
Finding either the exact or relative location of a place or person.
Place
Comparing the natural and man-made features of an area, to determine its uniqueness.
Region
An area with common features that sets it apart from another area.
Human-Environment Interaction (H-E I)
How the environment is influenced and influences humans.
Equator
An imaginary line that circles the earth halfway between the North and South Pole @ O degrees.
Prime Meridian
Divides the world into the eastern and western hemisphere @ 0 degrees longitude.
Continent
Large body of land (7 on earth) Asia, North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Australia, and Antarctica.
Hemisphere
Half of the earth. Four in the world: Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western.
Scale
the mathematical relationship by which distances on a map reduce actual distances on earth
Map Key
explains the lines, symbols, and colors used on a map
Compass Rose
A tool on a map showing cardinal (N,E,S,W) and intermediate (NE,SE,NW,SW) directions.
Cardinal Directions
North, South, East, and West
Intermediate Directions
Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest

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