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25 terms

Vocabulary - First Semester

These are the 25 vocabulary words for the first semester.
STUDY
PLAY
tonic
the first note in a scale that, in conventional harmony, provides the keynote of a piece of music
dominant
the fifth note of the diatonic scale in any key
scale
an arrangement of the notes in any system of music in ascending or descending order of pitch
arpeggio
the notes of a chord played in succession, either ascending or descending
modulation
change from one key to another
treble
a high-pitched voice
bass
a voice, instrument, or sound of the lowest range
sharp
above true or normal pitch or a half-step above a specified note
natural
not sharped or flatted
flat
below true or normal pitch or a half-step below a specified note
syncopation
displace the beats or accents in music so that strong beats become weak and vice versa
percussion
drums, triangle, cymbals, xylophone, marimba
woodwinds
flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, saxophones
brass
trumpets, horns, trombones, baritones, tubas
strings
violin, viola, cello, bass
sonata
a type of composition in three sections (exposition, development, recapitulation) in which two themes or subjects are explored according to set key relationships
rock-and-roll
a type of popular dance music originating in the 1950s, characterized by a heavy beat and simple melodies
oratorio
a large-scale musical work for orchestra and voices, typically a narrative on a religioius theme, performed without costumes, scenery, or action
symphony
an elaborate musical composition for full orchestra, typically in four movements, at least one of which is traditionally in sonata form
opera
a dramatic work in one or more acts, set to music for singers and instrumentalists
composer
a person who writes music
concert
a musical performance given in public, tyipcally by several performers or of several separate compositions
tempo
the speed at which a passage of music is or should be played
dynamics
the varying levels of volume of sound in different parts of a musical performance
blues
melancholic music of black American folk origin, usually in a twelve-bar sequence