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Unit 11

STUDY
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antiarthritic
agent that works against arthritis
antibiotic
agent that works against organisms, especially bacteria
anticonvulsant
agent that prevents seizures
antinarcotic
agent that works against the effects of narcotics
antipyretic
agent that works against fever
antirheumatic
agent that works against rheumatic disease
antiseptic
agent that protects against infection (external cleaner)
antispasmodic
agent that prevents muscle spasms
antitoxin
agent that works to destroy toxins
asepsis
without poisons or infection
bilateral
including both sides (adj.)
catheterization
using a tube inserted into the bladder or vessels to obtain specimens, to look, or to keep the vessel open
contraceptive
agent that prevents conception
contraindicated
not recommended under these circumstances
contravolitional
against ones will
disinfectants
chemical or physical agents that kill organisms, not used on the human body
epicystitis
inflammation upon the urinary bladder
epidural
pertaining to the layer upon the dura mater (adj.)
epigastric
upon the stomach
epigastrorrhaphy
suturing of tissue in the region upon the stomach
epinephrectomy
excision of tissue upon the kidney
epinephritis
inflammation upon the kidney
episplenitis
inflammation upon the spleen
extra-articular
outside of a joint (adj.)
extracerebral
outside of the cerebrum (adj.)
extracystic
outside of the bladder (adj.)
extradural
outside of the dura mater (adj.)
extragenital
outside of the genital area (adj.)
extranuclear
outside of the nuleus (adj.)
heterogeneous
different throughout (adj.)
heteropsia
different vision in each eye
heterosexual
attracted to the opposite sex (adj.)
infracostal
below the ribs (adj.)
inframammary
below the breast (adj.)
infrapatellar
below the patella (adj.)
infrapubic
below the pubic bone (adj.)
mammogram
breast x-ray film or x-ray picture
mammography
process of taking a breast x-ray
metacarpals
bones of the hand beyond the wrist bones
metastasis
disease that spreads beyond its origin
metatarsals
bones of the foot beyond the ankle
pyrotoxin
toxin produced by fever or heat
septicemia
infection in the blood
septicopyemia
infection and pus in the blood
sterilization
process that killls all organisms
subdural
below the dura mater (adj.)
superciliary
pertaining to the eyebrow
superficial
on the surface (adj.)
superinfection
an infection on top on another infection
supracostal
above the ribs (adj.)
suprainguinal
above the groin
supralumbar
above the lumbar spine (adj.)
suprapubic
above the pubic bone (adj.)
suprarenal
above the kidney
suprarenopathy
disease of the suprarenal glands (adrenals)
symmetry
the same size and shape all around or on both sides
sympathetic
suffering along with, functional part of the autonomic nervous system
sympathoma
tumor of a sympathetic nerve
transcatheter
across a catheter
transfusion
transferring blood from one person to another
transillumination
use of light across a tube to view organs
transluminal
across the lumen of a vessel
transposition
placement of an organ on the opposite side
transsexual
a person who has changed sexes
transurethral
across the urethra
transvaginal
across the vagina
ultrasonography
use of ultrasound to make images from sound reflected through the body and computerized
ultrasound
high-frequency sound waves (inaudible)
ultraviolet
high-frequency light waves beyond the violet frequency
bronchodilator
dilates or enlarges bronchi
decongestant
reduces respiratory congestion
diuretic
increases urine flow
expectorant
assists in removing respiratory secretions
hemostatic
controls bleeding
hormones
endocrine secretions that affect control mechanisms
hypnotic
sleep agent, produces starte of hypnosis
hypoglycemic
agent that lowers blood sugar (glucose)
laxative
loosens or liquifies stool for relief of constipation
muscle relaxant
relieves tension in skeletal muscle
sedative
calms nervous excitement
tranquilizer
lowers anxiety and mental tension
vasodilator
dilates blood vessels
vasopressor
constricts blood vessels, increase blood pressure