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OTC HUM 101
The Art of Being Human. The Humanities as a Technique for Living. Janaro & Altshuler. 10th Edition. Instructor: Susan Bennet ( Part 1:Exploring the Humanities Chapters 1-5 )
Terms in this set (63)
an experience in the arts or in life, such as watching a sunset, that we value for no reason beyond itself.
a pleasing arrangement of parts that affect us aesthetically.
in the humanities, a given art form- literature, visual art, music, drama, dance, and cinema- as well as a field of academic study (such as "literary theory" or "historic dance").
a movement begun in the early Renaissance that extolled and studied the creative and intellectual legacies of Greece and Rome, leading to the conviction that only through such study could one become fully human; a term that is now expanded to include the study of contributions from all cultures.
once limited to "the best products of the best minds," narrowly defined as a Greek or Roman, but later expanded to include Western European achievements and, more recently, the creative expressions of men and women around the world.
a label often applied to Leonardo da Vinci, indicating his display of genius in many areas from art to science; now used as high praise for anyone who has earned a reputation for high achievements in several fields (e.g. Albert Einstein).
Explain the origins of the humanities and how they need to be redefined today
Explain critical thinking relative to the value of studying the humanities
Briefly summarize the gifts of the humanities
Explain why Leonardo da Vinci is cited as the perfect model of the "infinite person"
Explain what this statement means and how it relates to the study of humanities, "Each of us is more than a gender, an age, an address, an occupation."
How do you define beauty? Give two examples, citing how you would use the term to describe a person and an object.
Read carefully the section called "Ideas."Then restate Socrates' definition of justice in your own words.
What does it mean to be an "infinite" person? Describe either someone you know personally or a famous person in the news who seems to fit the label.
Briefly profile someone for whom the humanities function as a technique for living. (OR) Profile someone who has no interest in the humanities.
term derived from Nietzsche's symbolic reference to the Greek god of light and truth; used to describe something or someone that is orderly and rational.
as used in this chapter, the environment, background, or special circumstances in terms of which a given work is best understood. Historical context is the influence that the ideas, values, and styles of a particular time have on a society, work of art or philosophy.
the faculty of rational and logical analysis; looking at subjects objectively, gathering all information, and the opposite of jumping to hasty conclusions based upon a purely emotional response.
term derived from Nietzsche's symbolic reference to the Greek god of wine and vegetation; used to describe spontaneity as well as lack of order and structure, signifying the passionate and creative (often impulsive) aspect of art, society, or an individual.
identifying with an another (actual) person or a character in a book, film, or play; becoming, in a sense, that person and being totally involved in his or her problems.
a critical thinker whose use of language is characteristically colorful, often playful, filled with metaphors that suggest greater interest in the general than in just the particular.
found especially in poetry, the pictures the poet creates in your mind that communicate in a few words what ordinary prose could not, or at least not as economically.
the noncritical thinker whose language reflects a concern for the immediate moment, especially as what is happening or being viewed relates to the self.
an all-inclusive term for every aspect of the enjoyment of watching a TV show strictly for pleasure with no desire to think about it afterward.
a 14-line poem that imposed on poets tight rules of length, rhythm, and rhyming pattern.
Distinguish between Apollonianism and Dionysianism, using Michelangelo's Donatello's "David" as illustrations.
Explain "popcorn syndrome" and give an example from your own TV or film viewing experience.
Explain why e.e. cummings' poem is Dionysian, not Apollonian.
Summarize the major steps in solving a problem.
Bring an item to class (preferably a column) from a daily newspaper that contains hidden assumptions.
Study the Norman Rockwell illustration and indicate items that give away its age.
Summarize the steps in the personal critical response.
Distinguish between Literalists and Figuratists.
Write a two-page memoir in which you describe yourself and your experience with the humanities. Include your preferences- why you like this and dislike that.
Where do you see yourself on the seesaw conflict between Apollo and Dionysus? Which side of yourself needs work and how do you propose to accomplish this?
It has been said "Wisdom is in the figurative." Explain what this might mean.
Give an example of a "popcorn hangover" you have experienced.
How do you recognize when someone is giving and informed opinion?
Briefly indicate and describe the steps in the personal critical process.
Bring to class a review by a professional critic. Point out specific examples of what the critic noticed.
Write an imaginary conversation between a literalist and a figuratist.
Why do you think e.e. cummungs refused to use capital letters or "proper" punctuation and grammar?
a model (e.g. the hero, the circle, the journey) which, through mythology, becomes part of our subconscious and an addition to the way we organize our thinking about ourselves, human beings in general, and the nature of the universe.
Jung's phrase for the universality of many myths and archetypes among cultures, some of which could not possibly have had any contact with one another.
the way acceptable male and female behavior and functions are defined in a given culture.
reference made by Irish novelist James Joyce to what he considered a fundamental myth of all cultures; that of the hero. Also known as the world myth. In Western mythology, the hero is a special individual ordained by fate to be the doer of wondrous deeds, often as the savior of a whole group of people. In many Western myths, the hero's power does not last.
(1)the collective myths of a specific culture or group of cultures
(2)the organized study of myths, either those of world cultures or of a specific culture.
tales and beliefs transmitted from generation to generation, or springing up as part of the popular mind in a current generation, many containing psychological truth or fulfilling some deep-rooted need.
Briefly explain Jung's theory of the archetypes.
Summarize the phases of the hero, or world, myth.
Contrast the hero in Eastern and Western mythology.
Explain the Circle as a major archetype.
Contrast Eastern and Western versions of the journey myth.
Discuss the myth of the Garden, indicating contemporary relevance.
It could be argued that the enjoyment of a given work should not depend upon knowing its mythic roots. What argument can you give in favor of knowing mythic roots? OR Support an opinion that knowing or not knowing mythic roots does not make a difference.
Write a short paper about three myths from your early childhood that helped shape your expectations of life. Do you still have them? If so, what role do they play in your life? If not, what happened to make you discard them?
Write a short fable about an animal hero who must undertake a dangerous journey to accomplish a task. Share it with the class and see whether they can grasp your meaning or perhaps recognize some contemporary issue in it.
Some myths have environmental subjects. in the stories of Demeter, grieving for her daughter Persephone, and Dionysus, descending annually into the underworld, we have an explanation of winter and the return of spring. Make up a fable to explain what is happening in the ozone layer, the rain forests, the polar ice caps, or the planet's nonrenewable resources.
Discuss a modern personality whose life more or less fits the pattern of the rise and fall of the hero, as described in this course.
As far back as the ancient Greeks, people knew that the lives of prominent personalities often are filled with tragedies or, at any rate, many troubles. There are contemporary examples one could site. In many of the old world myths, troubles, beset those who offended the gods. What do you think accounts for the problems now?
Briefly write your autobiography in mythic terms. Describe your birth, your mission in life, the villains you must outwit, and your magic powers. If you want to be whimsical, who's to stop you?
Take an old fairy tale and rewrite it (seriously or comically) in terms of how it might fill a psychological need of today.
The section "Common Sayings" is not and does not pretend to be exhaustive. Can you think of at least two others not mentioned and explain their purpose as popular mythology?
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