Chapter 6 People

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Andrew Jackson
passed the Indian removal act, nullification crisis. Used the spoils system; Responsible for the Trail of Tears
Daniel Webster
a Senator from MA, also a Whig leader; supported the federal government in the Nullification Crisis
John C. Calhoun
the 7th Vice President of the United States; proposed Second National Bank
Martin Van Buren
(1782-1862) 8th President of the United States
William Henry Harrison
the 9th U.S. president; lasted 32 days before he died of pneumonia; shortest served presidential term
John Tyler
10th president of the U.S.
Charles Grandison Finney
a preacher of the Second Great Awakening
Joseph Smith
founder of Mormonism in New York in (1830); translated the Book of Mormon and was martyred
Henry David Thoreau
an American transcendentalist who was against a government that supported slavery; started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay a tax to support the Mexican War
James Fenimore Cooper
Author of the "last of the Mokins"
Washington Irving
the Author of the novel "Sleepy Hallow"; author of horror and mystery; also a poet
Edgar Allen Poe
(1809-1849) Was orphaned at young age; an American poet, short-story writer, editor and literary critic; considered part of the American Romantic Movement
Dorothea Dix
a reformer and pioneer in the movement to treat the insane in the 1820's; responsible for improving conditions in jails and insane asylums throughout the U.S. and Canada; persuaded many states to assume responsibility for the care of the mentally ill; Superintendent of Nurses for the Union Army in the Civil War
Horace Mann
an American educator; first secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
(1815-1902) a suffragette who, with Lucretia Mott, organized the first convention on women's rights; Issued the Declaration of Sentiments; Co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Susan B. Anthony in 1869
William Lloyd Garrison
(1805-1879) an American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer; one founder of the American Anti-Slavery Society
Frederick Douglass
Self-freed slave; advocate for the abolistionst movement
Sojourner Truth
(c.1797-1883) an American reformer; born an enslaved African but later freed; became a speaker for abolition and women's suffrage
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