International Studies Module 4 part 2
Terms in this set (14)
According to the World Health Organization, what is the definition of health
Health is the complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not just the absence of disease
How does globalization affect health? Be able to name advantages and disadvantages
-"health and wealth" better economic power means better access to health
-better access to knowledge and technology
-cross border infectious diseases
-risk of security
-marketing of harmful products
What is global health, and how does it differ from the field of international health?
-Helps with problems that directly or indirectly affect one
-Seeks global health equity
-helps with other countries problems other then their own
-seeks to help other nations
What are some of the multi-level determinants of human health?
What is the demographic transition?
When a countries birth rate is above their death rate
Causes of death for high vs low income countries
Cancer, Heart Disease, Alzheimers
HIV/Aids, other infectious diseases
much lower life expectancy
What are some specific health issues that are directly related to globalization?
-diseases spreading easier
-access to health care
What are the leading causes of death worldwide?
Lower respiratory diseases, HIV, diarheal disease
Describe characteristics of Global Health System
-Should include for everyone: Disease prevention, equal access, quality care, health security
-Objectives: promote, restore, and maintain health
-Equitable health for the whole world
-Could be NGO's, IGO's or government
-Define set of rules
Actors in Global Health
UN relevant articles
-Article 1: Creates international peace and security
-Article 2: sovereign equality between members
Article 3: Higher standard of living
What are NGOs important in the field of health ?
-advocates on direction of policy
Describe prevalence, characteristics of Malaria today
-2 million contract each year and 700K die annually
-50% of worlds population at risk but Africa contracts 90% of worlds malaria
-Children comprise 90% of all malaria
-20% of childhood deaths in Africa from malaria
-Lack of nutrition and immunity account to deaths
When was the World Health Organization founded, and what is its principle aim?
-International Health conference in New York 1948
-Formed April, 7 1948
-Goal: highest attainable health for all people (complete physical, mental, social well-being not just absence of disease)