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Arts and Humanities
Sacraments Chapter 3 - THS Junior Theology
Sacraments Chapter 3 The Eucharist Trinity High School Junior Theology www.thstheology.org Kimberly Hogan
Terms in this set (26)
Worship. This is the humble acknowledgment by human beings that they are creatures of the thrice-holy Creator. By obeying the First Commandment, people acknowledge and respond to the revelation of the glory and power of God.
Age of Reason
The age at which a person becomes morally responsible for his or her actions. It is also the age at which people are eligible to receive the Sacraments of Eucharist, Confirmation, and the Anointing of the Sick. In most parts of the world, this age is set at seven years.
The Eucharistic prayer that is prayed by the priest at Mass. It begins with the preface and ends with the Great Amen.
A prayer invoking God's power and care upon some person, place, thing, or undertaking. The prayer acknowledges God as the source of all blessing.
From the Latin for "mutual participation" or "oneness together": in the sense of Holy Communion, the reception of the Body and Blood of Christ in the Eucharist; in the sense of fellowship, the bond of union with Jesus and all baptized, faithful Christians in the Church.
Dedication to a sacred purpose; to sanctify. This can refer to a church building, person, or object set aside for worship. It can refer specifically to entry into a permanent state of life entered freely in response to the call of Christ and characterized by the profession of vows. In the Mass, Consecration refers to the moment when the bread and wine are transformed into the Body and Blood of Christ.
A solemn promise or contract regarding future action binding on the participants and fortified by an oath, expressed either in words or in symbolic action.
The calling down of the Holy Spirit. During Mass, as the priest extends his hands over the gifts of bread and wine, he calls down the Holy Spirit to change them into the Body and Blood of Jesus.
From the Greek for "thanksgiving"; also called the Mass or Lord's Supper. It is the principal sacramental celebration of the Church, established by Jesus at the Last Supper, in which the mystery of salvation through participation in the sacrificial Death and glorious Resurrection of Christ is renewed and accomplished. This term applies to the species consecrated during the Mass.
A censure by means of which a person is excluded from the communion of the faithful in response to a grave, habitual, public sin.
Meaning communion, fellowship, or association. This term was used by St. Luke to describe both the fellowship of believers and the relationship between the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
Also called the Eucharist or Lord's Supper. The principal sacramental celebration of the Church, established by Jesus at the Last Supper.
Sometimes called a Sacramentary, a liturgical book which contains the prayers of the Mass for the use of the priest at the altar, along with instructions for the celebrant of the liturgy.
Contain scripture readings.
A booklet for the use of the laity which generally contains the prayers, songs, and Scripture readings used at Mass.
A vessel of precious metal used for exposing the Blessed Sacrament for adoration.
The pure and spotless lamb prepared for the ritual Passover meal by the Jews. It also refers to Jesus, the sacrificial lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world and establishes a new covenant between God and his people.
A Jewish feast commemorating the deliverance of their first-born males from death by the blood of the lamb sprinkled on the doorposts while in bondage in Egypt. The angel of death passed over their homes, allowing them to leave Egypt for the Promised Land.
The unique and true presence of the Body, Blood, Soul, and Divinity of Christ in the Eucharist under the appearances of bread and wine.
The real, true, and substantial existence of Christ's divinity and humanity in the Holy Eucharist under the appearances of bread and wine.
A ritual offering made to God by a priest on behalf of the people as a sign of adoration, thanksgiving, supplication, and communion.
A conscious, burning desire to receive Holy Communion when able to do so physically.
State of Grace
The condition whereby one enjoys the friendship of God. One who possesses sanctifying grace or habitual grace is enabled to know, love, and serve God and others in reference to him. Condition is lost by committing mortal sin.
An ornamented receptacle in the church in which the consecrated Eucharist is reserved for Communion for the sick and dying as well as for adoration. In Israelite history, it was the curtained tent containing the Ark of the Covenant and other sacred items.
The scholastic term used to designate the unique change, in a true, real, and substantial manner, of the entire substance of the Eucharistic bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ, with his soul and divinity, leaving intact the accidents.
A living being sacrificed to a deity in the performance of a religious ritual.
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