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34 terms

Unit 2 Post Classical Europe +Russia

Essential AP World Terms that cover the post-classical era across Europe and Russia.
STUDY
PLAY
476 C.E.
Fall of Roman Empire due to: P,E,S turmoil and Germanic and Hun invasion
Constantine
Controlled East + West Europe; Moved Capital from Byzantium to Constaniople
Justinian/Theodora
Byzantine ruler that unified East w/ Justinian's Law Code o/ Body of Law
Haga Sophia
Church of Holy Wisdom (Christian then converted to a mosque)
Byzantium
Original capital of the Byzantine empire. Byzantium---Constaniople---Istanbul
Split in Christianity
201-202 C.E. Usage of Icons: West (suffering), East (suffering aftermath) priest marriage
1453 C.E.
Fall of Byzantine Empire from Poli., Ottoman invasions
Cyril and Methodius
Byzantine missionaires that used Slavik translations for Orthodox Christian conversion (Cyrilic alphabet)
Kiev
Russian city founded by a Scandonavian; Where Kiev Rus establishes Russian empire
Rurik
1st Russian monarch (855 C.E) Polythesitic
Prince Vladimir I
Anti-Pope involvement w/ Pope, Converts to Orthodox Christianity
Russian Orthodox
Russian form of Christianity imported from Byzantine empire and combined w/ local religion
Boyars
Russian aristrocats
Kievan Rus Decline
Mongol (Tar Tars) invasion ruled for 200 yrs. w/ Russian puppet leaders for tribute
3 Romes
1st Rome= Rome, 2nd Rome=Byzantium, 3rd Rome= Russia
Middle Ages
European Period btwn. Fall of Rome and 15th century (including Renissance and Reformation)
Feudalism
manorialism-lord protects servants in different land regions
Clovis
King of Germanic Tribe converts to Christianity
Carolingians
Royal House of Franks
Charles Mantel/ Battle of Tours
Battle btwn Franks and Muslims for France, Frank victory led to development of France
Charlemagne
Carolingian ruler established empire in Germany and France; death=decline
William the Conqueror/ Battle of Hastings
Fought on 14 October 1066, between the forces of William 'the Conqueror', Duke of Normandy and King Harold II of England led to Norwegian rule of England
Magna Carta
document that limited monarchy (King John II) led to Parliment
100 Years Of War
England vs. France power struggle
Pope Urban II
Called 1st Crusade in 1095 C.E, appealed to Christians to fight against Muslims for Holy Land
Thomas Aquiarius
advocate for learning in Middle Ages, taught at the University of Paris
Scholasticism
Medieval philosophy based early support for universities, and logical thought to solve religious problems
Gothic
Style of Cathedral, New Architechture
Black Death
(1347-1353)infect rats + fleas from trade cargo ships killed 1/3 of Europe's pop. came back until 18th century
Huns
Origin: Stepps, Central Asia nomadic tribes that destroy vital lands-Balkans spread from China
Basil II
Byzantine "Soldier King" that reconquered Balkans from Huns and invented the catapult
Constaniople
Byzantine capital located in Turkey to avoid Hun invasion; 1453 C.E conquered by Ottomans=Istanbul
C.E.
common era replacement for A.D. (christ's after death)
1054 C.E.
Great Schism - Christianity split into Roman Catholicism and Christian Orthodox

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