He viewed the world as desperate, sick and mad and believed it was in desperate need of change. Artaud's pessimistic view of the world as being full of lies, aimlessness, meaningless and hypocrisy is based on the philosophy of Existentialism. Existentialist's believe that human life is absolute meaningless, random and pointless. They think humans are machines that share no special purpose. The argument is that we are born with nothing, and die with nothing. Artaud saw a direct connection between the theatre and life. He thought of them as mirrors that reflected each other. To him, the world was in need of change, therefore so was theatre.