How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

78 terms

Music Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
Sound
the vibration of an object or medium that results in vibration of the eardrums and are transmitted to the brain where they are interpreted
Pitch
the relative highness or lowness of sound (frequency of the vibrations determine it)
Tone
a sound that has a definite pitch
Interval
the distance between two tones
Octave
a musical interval of eight tones
Pitch Range
the distance between the lowest and highest tones that a voice or instrument can produce
Dynamics
the degree of loudness or softness in music
Accent
the emphasis of a tone that is played more loudly then the notes around it
Timbre
the distinguishing quality of a sound;known as tone color
Improvisation
a performance given extempore without planning or preparation
Duration
Length of time basked on beats and tempo (rhythm) (pulse)
Violin
highest string instrument
Register
part of the range an instrument can play
Conductor
the person who leads a musical group
The Third
Difference between Major and Minor
Oboe and Bassoon
Double Reed Instruments
Piano,Xylophone,and Timphony
Percussion Instruments with Pitch
pp
Dynamics;very soft
ff
Dynamics;very loud
Decrescendo
gradually softer
Crescendo
gradually louder
Strings
Instruments such as guitar or violin
Woodwinds
Instruments such as flue and clarinet
Brass
Instruments such as trumpet or trombone
Percussion
Instruments such as bass drum or cymbals
Keyboard
Instruments such as organ,piano
Electronic
Instruments such as a synthesizer
Register
part of the total range
Concertmaster
The principal first violinist, usually plays solo violin passages
Pizzicato
A string technique where one plucks the string
Double Stop
A string technique where one draws the bow across two strings
Vibrato
A string technique where the player produces a throbbing, expressive tone
Mute
A string technique where the player muffles the tone by fitting a clamp on the bridge
Tremolo
A string technique where one plays very high pitched tones
Single Reed
What type of reed instruments are clarinet, bass clarinet and saxophone
Double Reed
What type of reed instruments are oboe,English horn,bassoon and contrabasson?
Definite Pitch
Timpani,glockenspiel,xylophone,celesta,and chimes all have this kind of pitch;can choose pitch
Indefinite Pitch
Snare drum,bass drum,tambourine,triangle,cymbals, and the gong all have this kind of pitch; cant choose pitch
Beat
A regular,recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time
Rhythm
The particular arrangement of note lengths in a piece of music
Measure
A group containing a fixed number of beats
Meter
The organization of beats into regular groups
Syncopation
Accented notes that we would not normally expect
Largo
very slow
Prestissimo
as fast as possible
Accelerando
becoming faster
Ritardando
becoming slower
Notation
System of writing music so that specific pitches can be communicated
Staff
a set of 5 horizontal lines
Clef
Symbol at the beginning of the staff to show the pitch of each line and space
Treble Clef
Clef for high ranges
Bass Clef
Clef for low ranges
Grand staff
Combination of both the treble and bass staves
tie
leghthen the duration of a note (slurred)
Time Signature
a musical notation indicating the number of beats to a measure and kind of note that takes a beat
Score
shows the music for each instrumental category
Cadence
A resting place at the end of a phase
Incomplete Cadence
Setting up expectation (cadence)
Complete Cadence
Gives a sense of finality (Cadence)
Theme
Melodies that are complete in themselves
Harmony
the structure of music with respect to the composition and progression of chords
Chord
Combination of three or more tones sounded at once
Consonance
Stable tone combination
Dissonance
Unstable tone combination
Resolution
A movement from Dissonance to Consonance
Triad
a 3-note major or minor chord
Arpeggio
a chord whose notes are played in rapid succession rather than simultaneously
Tonic Chord
A chord built on the first degree of a major or minor scale
Dominant Chord
triad built on the fifth note of the scale, which sets up tension that is resolved by the tonic chord
Minor Scale
A Sad scale that consist of seven different tones and an eighth tone that duplicates the first an octave higher.
Major scale
A happy scale that is the basic one.. do re mi
Modulation
Shifting from one key to another within the same piece
Tonic Key
The main/central key in apiece
Musical Texture
How many different layers of sound are heart at once
Polyphonic
Having mnay sounds
Counterpoint
Technique of combining several melodic lines into a meaningful whole
Imitation
Melodic idea that is presented by one voice and restated immediately by another.
Form
organization of musical elements in time