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46 terms

SJS history 9 ch 7 Rise and fall of the Persian Empire

Has main ideas and concepts and terms from ch 7 section 1
STUDY
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Four ruling dynasties
1. Achaemenids
2. Seleucids
3. Parthians
4. Sasanids
Achaemenids
Ruled 558-330 BC
Seleucids
Ruled 323-383 BC
Parthians
Ruled 247-224 BC
Sasanids
Ruled 224-651 BC
Medes and Persians
1. Migrated from Asia to Iran
2. Lived under Babylonians and Assyrians
3. Lived in clans, no formal institutions
4. Considerable military power
5. Began conquering land when Assyrians and Babylonian rule weakened
Cyrus
1. An Achamenid
2. Reigned 558-530 BC
3. 558 BC - king of Persian tribes
4. 553 BC - overthrew Median overlord
5. 548 BC - ruled all of Iran
6. 546 BC - conquered Lydia
7. 539 BC - ruled Babylonia
8. Ruled from India to Egypt
9. 530 BC - died in battle
Cyrus
Ruled 558-530 BC
Cyrus
Became king of the Persian tribes in 558 BC
Cyrus
Brought Iran under his control in 548 BC
Cyrus
Conquered Lydia in 546 BC
Cyrus
Captured Babylonia in 539 BC
Cyrus
Ruled an empire that stretched from India to Egypt
Cambyses
Cyrus' son who conquered Egypt and brought its wealth into Persia
Cambyses
Conquered Egypt in 525 BC
Cambyses
Ruled 530-522 BC
Cambyses
1. Cyrus' son
2. Ruled 530-522 BC
3. 525 BC - conquered Egypt
Darius
Greatest of Achaemenid emperors
Darius
Ruled 521-486 BC
Darius
Conquered Thrace, India, Macedonia, and the Western coast of the Black Sea
Darius
Ruler who established lines of communication throughout empire and taxed his subjects
Darius
Ruler who centralized his administration by building the capital city of Persepolis
Persepolis
1. Administrative capital of the Achaemenid empire
2. Built by Darius
3. Monument to Achaemenid dynasty
Satrapies
Administrative and taxation districts governed by a satrap
Satrap
Government officials who governed satrapies
Satraps
Each had a contingent of military officers and tax collectors who served as checks on their power
Eyes and ears of the king
New category of officials who were agents who traveled throughout the empire with military forces and conducted surprised audits and collected intelligence reports
Darius
Ruler who regularized tax levies and standardized laws
Darius
Ruler who issued standard currency
Standard currency
This fostered trade throughout the Persian empire
Darius
Ruler who did not impose government laws om subjects, but took local laws and codified them to agree with government laws and regulations
Persian Royal Road
1600 mile road that ran through the Persian empire and had a courier service running on it
Persian Royal Road
Built to connect the empire and the people in it, also used for trade
Darius
Ruler who built roads to improve communication between areas in the empire and to facilitate trade
Darius
1. Ruled 521-486 BC
2. Built capital of Persepolis as a city center and monument to Achaemenid dynasty
3. Established system of satrapies and satraps
4. Established system of imperial spies
5. Regularized tax levies
6. Standardized laws and currency
7. Built Persian Royal Road and improved existing roads
8. Allowed Jews to return to Jerusalem
9. Started construction of qanats
Qanats
Underground canals which led to better agricultural production and population growth
Xerxes
Darius' successor who ruled from 486-465 BC
Xerxes
Ruled from 486-465 BC
Xerxes
Ruler who had bad relations with subjects, especially the Greeks
Darius
Ruler who, in order to put down Greek rebellion, attempted to conquer wealthy major Greek cities, but failed
Greeks
Persian subjects who did not like Darius' Satraps and who fought against the Persians
Persian Wars
Series of battle between the Persians and Greeks which lasted almost 150 years
Alexander
Greek who invaded Persia with a smaller army than Persia and fewer supplies and less sophisticated equipment and won and ended Persian Wars
Alexander
Greek who burned down Persepolis after conquering Persian empire
Alexander
Greek who portrayed himself as a successor of Achaemenids and kept their traditions alive
Alexander
1. Led Greeks in battle against Persians and defeated them
2. Burned down capital of Persepolis
3. Portrayed himself as an Achaemenid successor
4. Kept Achaemenid traditions alive