SJS history 9 ch 7 Rise and fall of the Persian Empire

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Has main ideas and concepts and terms from ch 7 section 1

Four ruling dynasties

1. Achaemenids
2. Seleucids
3. Parthians
4. Sasanids


Ruled 558-330 BC


Ruled 323-383 BC


Ruled 247-224 BC


Ruled 224-651 BC

Medes and Persians

1. Migrated from Asia to Iran
2. Lived under Babylonians and Assyrians
3. Lived in clans, no formal institutions
4. Considerable military power
5. Began conquering land when Assyrians and Babylonian rule weakened


1. An Achamenid
2. Reigned 558-530 BC
3. 558 BC - king of Persian tribes
4. 553 BC - overthrew Median overlord
5. 548 BC - ruled all of Iran
6. 546 BC - conquered Lydia
7. 539 BC - ruled Babylonia
8. Ruled from India to Egypt
9. 530 BC - died in battle


Ruled 558-530 BC


Became king of the Persian tribes in 558 BC


Brought Iran under his control in 548 BC


Conquered Lydia in 546 BC


Captured Babylonia in 539 BC


Ruled an empire that stretched from India to Egypt


Cyrus' son who conquered Egypt and brought its wealth into Persia


Conquered Egypt in 525 BC


Ruled 530-522 BC


1. Cyrus' son
2. Ruled 530-522 BC
3. 525 BC - conquered Egypt


Greatest of Achaemenid emperors


Ruled 521-486 BC


Conquered Thrace, India, Macedonia, and the Western coast of the Black Sea


Ruler who established lines of communication throughout empire and taxed his subjects


Ruler who centralized his administration by building the capital city of Persepolis


1. Administrative capital of the Achaemenid empire
2. Built by Darius
3. Monument to Achaemenid dynasty


Administrative and taxation districts governed by a satrap


Government officials who governed satrapies


Each had a contingent of military officers and tax collectors who served as checks on their power

Eyes and ears of the king

New category of officials who were agents who traveled throughout the empire with military forces and conducted surprised audits and collected intelligence reports


Ruler who regularized tax levies and standardized laws


Ruler who issued standard currency

Standard currency

This fostered trade throughout the Persian empire


Ruler who did not impose government laws om subjects, but took local laws and codified them to agree with government laws and regulations

Persian Royal Road

1600 mile road that ran through the Persian empire and had a courier service running on it

Persian Royal Road

Built to connect the empire and the people in it, also used for trade


Ruler who built roads to improve communication between areas in the empire and to facilitate trade


1. Ruled 521-486 BC
2. Built capital of Persepolis as a city center and monument to Achaemenid dynasty
3. Established system of satrapies and satraps
4. Established system of imperial spies
5. Regularized tax levies
6. Standardized laws and currency
7. Built Persian Royal Road and improved existing roads
8. Allowed Jews to return to Jerusalem
9. Started construction of qanats


Underground canals which led to better agricultural production and population growth


Darius' successor who ruled from 486-465 BC


Ruled from 486-465 BC


Ruler who had bad relations with subjects, especially the Greeks


Ruler who, in order to put down Greek rebellion, attempted to conquer wealthy major Greek cities, but failed


Persian subjects who did not like Darius' Satraps and who fought against the Persians

Persian Wars

Series of battle between the Persians and Greeks which lasted almost 150 years


Greek who invaded Persia with a smaller army than Persia and fewer supplies and less sophisticated equipment and won and ended Persian Wars


Greek who burned down Persepolis after conquering Persian empire


Greek who portrayed himself as a successor of Achaemenids and kept their traditions alive


1. Led Greeks in battle against Persians and defeated them
2. Burned down capital of Persepolis
3. Portrayed himself as an Achaemenid successor
4. Kept Achaemenid traditions alive

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