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Robert Fulton

American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship (1765-1815)

George Catlin

created a visual documentary of the Indian tribes in the western plains by traveling and painting portraits and important events

Cyrus McCormick

invented the mechanical reaper

Samuel Morse

United States portrait painter who patented the telegraph and developed the Morse code (1791-1872)


fought for restrictions on immigration, naturalization & deportation of alien paupers

Commonwealth vs. Hunt

legalized unions for peaceful and honorable protest

Molly Maguires

a society fo irish miners who engaged in a violent confrontation with pennsylvania mining companies in the 19th century


a policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones

Industrial Revolution

the change from an agricultural to an industrial society and from home manufacturing to factory production,

Tammany Hall

most notorious political machine; NY city; Marcy Tweed also know as Boss Tweed became head in 1863

Pony Express

Service begun in 1860 that used a relay of riders on horses to deliver mail from Missouri to California in 10 days.

Cult of domesticity

the ideal woman was seen as a tender, self-sacrificing caregiver who provided a nest for her children and a peaceful refuge for her husband, social customs that restricted women to caring for the house

Cotton gin

a machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793

Ancient Order of Hiberians

an Irish-Catholic fraternal organization, original purpose in the United States was to assist Irish Catholic immigrants, especially those who faced discrimination or harsh coal mining working conditions. Many members had a Molly Maguire background.

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