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11 terms

Muscles of the Foot and Ankle: Origin, Insertion, Action

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O: medial head: posterior surface of the medial femoral condyle. lateral head: posterior surface of the lateral femoral condyle
I: posterior surface of the calcaneus (achilles tendon)
A: PF, knee FLX
Gastrocnemius
O: posterior surface of the proximal fibula and proximal 2/3 of the posterior tibial surface
I: posterior surface of the calcaneus (achilles tendon)
A: PF (particularly at 20 degrees knee FLX)
Soleus
O: posterior surface of the upper 1/2 of the interosseus membrane and the adjacent surfaces of the tibia and fibula
I: inferior surfaces of the navicular and cuneiform bones and bases of the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th metatarsal bones
A: foot inversion, PF
Tibialis Posterior
O: middle 1/3 of the posterior surface of the tibia
I: base of the distal phalanx of each of the four lesser toes
A: FLX of the four lesser toes at the MTP, PIP, and DIP joints, PF, foot inversion
Flexor Digitorum Longus
O: middle 2/3 of the posterior surface of the fibula
I: base of the distal phalanx of the great toe; plantar surface
A: FLX of the great toe at the MTP and IP joints, foot inversion, PF
Flexor Hallucis Longus
O: head and upper 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula
I: undersurfaces of the medial cuneiform and 1st metatarsal bone
A: foot eversion, PF
Peroneus (Fibularis) Longus
O: mid to lower 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula
I: tuberosity of the 5th metatarsal bone
A: foot eversion, PF
Peroneus (Fibularis) Brevis
O: distal 1/3 of the anterior fibula
I: tuberosity of the 5th metatarsal bone
A: foot eversion, DF
Peroneus (Fibularis) Tertius
O: lateral condyle of the tibia, head of the fibula, and upper 2/3 of the anterior surface of the fibula
I: tops of the middle and distal phalanges of the lesser four toes
A: EXT of the lesser toes at the MTP, PIP, and DIP joints, DF, foot eversion
Extensor Digitorum Longus
O: middle 2/3 of the medial surface of the anterior fibula
I: base of the distal phalanx of the great toe
A: EXT of great toe at MTP and IP joints, DF, weak inversion of the foot
Extensor Hallucis Longus
O: upper 2/3 of the lateral surface of the tibia
I: inner surface of the medial cuneiform and the base of the 1st metatarsal bone
A: DF, foot inversion
Tibialis Anterior