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Neurovascular system

CNS-Central Nervous System PNS- Peripheral Nervous System
STUDY
PLAY
esthesia
feeling
algesia
pain
kinesia
movement
lepsy
SEIZURE
paresis
partial paralysis
phasia
speech
plegia
paralysis
taxia
order, coordination
glia
glue
crani/o
cranium (skull)
cerebr/o
cerebrum
dendr/o
dendrite, tree
encephal/o
brain
gangli/o
ganglion; mass of nerve tissue
gli/o
glue; neuroglial tissue
kinesi/o kinesia/o
movement
lex/o
word, phrase
mening/o meningi/o
meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)
narc/o
stupor; numbness; sleep
neur/o
nerve
radicul/o
nerve root
sthen/o
strength
ton/o
tension
tax/o
order, coordination
taxia/o
order,coordination
phagia
swallowing
central nervous system (CNS)
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
The section of the nervous system lying outside the brain and spinal cord
afferent
carry or move inward or toward a central structure
afferent nerves
transmit impulses toward the brain and spinal cord
analgesic
painkiller
aphasia
loss of the ability to speak
asthenia
an abnormal loss of strength
ataxia
inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements
aura
peculiar sensation that perceded seizures
closed head trauma
Injury to the head in which the dura mater remains intact and brain tissue is not exposed
coma
a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness
concussion
injury to brain, occasionally with transiet loss of consciousness as a resukt of tramua
convulsions
any sudden and violent contraction of one or more muscles
efferent
carrying impulses away from a central structures
efferent nerves
carry messages away from the brain and spinal cord; motor nerves
meninges
a membrane (one of 3) that envelops the brain and spinal cord
neurotransmitter
chemicals that facilitate the movemnets of impulses at synapses
paralysis
loss of the ability to move a body part
parasympathetic nervous system
rest and digest
paresthesia
abnormal skin sensations (as tingling or tickling or itching or burning)
sympathetic nervous system
fight or flight
synscope
temporary loss of consciousness due to sudden decline of blood flow to the brain, also caleed fainting
synapse
space between neurons
position emission tomography (PET)
An imaging technique used to see which brain areas are being activated while performing tasks
special senses
smell, taste, sight, hearing, equilibrium
eso
inward
exo
outside, outward
acusia
hearing
cusia
hearing
cusis
hearing
opia
vision
tropia
turning
ambly/o
Dull, dim
audit/o
hearing
auro/o
ear
auricul/o
ear
audi/o
hearing
blephar/o
eyelid
choroid/o
choroid
conjunctiv/o
conjunctiva
core/o
pupil
cor/o
pupil
daery/o
tear
dacryocyst/o
lacrimal sac
glauc/o
gray, opaque
goni/o
angle
irid/o
iris
kerat/o
cornea
labyrinth/o
Inner ear
lacrim/o
tear, lacrimal apparatus
myring/o
tympanic membrane (eardrum)
ocul/o
eye
opt/o
Eye, vision
optic/o
Eye, vision
phac/o
lens
phot/o
Light
presby/o
old age
pupil/o
pupil
retin/o
retina
salping/o
tube
scler/o
sclera
tympan/o
tympanic membrane
vitr/o
vitreous body (of eye)
accommodation
altering the shape of the lens to enable it to focus on the retina
anacusis
deafness
cerumen
a soft yellow wax secreted by glands in the ear canal
conjuctiva
the lining of the eyelids that covers the cornea
esotropia
inward turning of the eye
hordeolum
stye
tinnitus
Noises in the ears, such as ringing, buzzing, whistling, roaring, etc.
vertigo
Dizziness or a tilting, spinning sensation.
visual field
Area within which objects may be seen when the eye is in a fixed position
tympanostomy
forming an opening in the eardrum. Insertion of a tube through the ear drum to drain the middle ear.