Jazz Terms - Chapter 9
Terms in this set (22)
the notes of a chord played in quick succession rather than simultaneously.
a simple polyrhythm emphasizing beats 2 and 4 of a 4/4 measure (rather than 1 and 3).
a homophonic texture in which the chordal accompaniment moves in the same rhythm as the main melody.
notes in which the pitch is bent expressively, using variable intonation; also known as blue notes.
stopping places that divide a harmonic progression into comprehensible phrases. See half cadence, full cadence.
Call and response
a pervasive principle of interaction or conversation in jazz: a statement by one musician or group of musicians is immediately answered by another musician or group.
in homophonic texture, an accompanying melodic part with distinct, though subordinate, melodic interest; also known (especially in classical music) as obbligato.
the quality of an unstable harmony that resolves to another chord.
a technique in which a jazz ensemble, especially the rhythm section, plays twice as fast without changing the length of the overall cycle.
the most common scale in Western music, sung to the syllables do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti do. The pattern of whole and half steps is W W H W W W H.
a diatonic scale similar to the major scale ,but with a different pattern of half steps and whole steps (W H W W H W W); normally used in Western music to convey melancholy or sadness.
to move from one key (B-flat, G, D minor, etc.) to another.
two notes with the same letter name; one pitch has a frequency precisely twice the other (in a ratio of 2:1).
the simultaneous use of contrasting rhythms; also known as rhythmic contrast.
a short, catchy, and repeated melodic phrase.
a short melodic pattern repeated on different pitches. See also transpose.
for brass instruments, a quick trill between notes that mimics a wide vibrato, often performed at the end of a musical passage.
a short, detached way of playing notes or chords.
an occasional rhythmic disruption, contradicting the basic meter.
the first degree of the scale, or the chord built on the first scale degree.
a note divided into three equal parts.
a bass line featuring four equal beats per bar, usually used as a rhythmic foundation in jazz.