Jazz Terms - Chapter 10
Terms in this set (14)
a stringed instrument (such as the string bass) played with a bow.
the notes of a chord played in quick succession rather than simultaneously.
a simple polyrhythm emphasizing beats 2 and 4 of a 4/4 measure (rather than 1 and 3).
Call and response
a pervasive principle of interaction or conversation in jazz: a statement by one musician or group of musicians is immediately answered by another musician or group.
the quality of an unstable harmony that resolves to another chord.
a chord built on the fifth degree of the scale that demands resolution to the tonic chord.
two notes with the same letter name; one pitch has a frequency precisely twice the other (in a ratio of 2:1).
the simultaneous use of contrasting rhythms; also known as rhythmic contrast.
a short, catchy, and repeated melodic phrase.
(Italian for 'stolen') an elastic approach to rhythm in which musicians speed up and slow down for expressive purposes; rubato makes musical time unpredictable and more flexible.
the first degree of the scale, or the chord built on the first scale degree.
the speedy alternation of two notes some distance apart; on a piano, this action imitates a brass vibrato.
a note divided into three equal parts.
a bass line featuring four equal beats per bar, usually used as a rhythmic foundation in jazz.