31 terms

Parts of Speech

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

noun
person or thing eg dog, cat, school, man, woman,teacher
Proper nouns
Special word used for a person place or organisation. E.g Cathy, British Council, Qatar, Doha
countable nouns
Things we can count e.g pen, boy, table
uncountable nouns
substances, concepts we can't divide into separate things eg milk, happiness, money, luggage, gas
uncountable and countable nouns
sometimes nouns can be countable and uncountable eg hair, light, noise, paper, time, work
adjective
describes a noun eg My dog is big. I like big dogs
definite article
the
indefinite article
a/an
demonstratives
this/that (singular), these/those (plural)
possessive adjectives
my, your, his, its, our, your, their -modify the noun following it to show possession. It's my bag.
Subject pronoun
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they
adverb
describes how something is done eg She walked carefully, He was extremely happy,
conjunctions
join words and phrases eg and, but, yet
Prepositions
words that connects a noun or pronoun to another word in a sentence eg with, behind, during ect
transitive verbs
require an object to make sense
Cathy takes aspirin for her headaches. Takes is a transitive verb because takes has no meaning without its direct object aspirin
intransitive verbs
do not need a direct object to make them meaningful eg Cathy teaches.
auxiliary verbs (helping verb)
(be, do, have)
teams upp with other verbs to complete a verb phrase eg I am going to Greece for my holiday.
modals
(can, could, may, might, would, will, should, shall, ought to, must)
used to express obligation, necessity, possibility, willingness, ability or probability
state verbs
describe a state (things that stay the same) and not an action eg love, hate. Never used in continuous form
dynamic verb
used to indication an action, process or sensation eg The man was running down the road.
past participle
used with have/has or had to make perfect tenses
eg I have worked in Doha for eight months. (present perfect simple.
I have been working in Doha for eight months. (present perfect continuous)
I had worked in Doha for eight months before I moved to Oman. (past perfect)
base verb (infinite without to)
form of verb without any endings (s, ing, ed,)
present participle
verb ending in ing to form continuous form eg singing, being, teaching
direct speech
actual words
reported speech
indirect speech
backshift
We sometimes change the tense of the reported clause by moving it back one tense. For example, present simple goes back one tense to past simple. We call this change "backshift".
active sentences
putting the agent (the doer) as the subject of the verb
passive sentences
Putting the object of the action before the verb and possibly not mentioning the agent (doer) at all
gerund
a word ending in ing that is made from a verb and acts like a noun eg I like swimming.
defining relative clause
gives us information about things, people, possessions, places and times using a relative pronoun
non-defining relative clause
give us extra information about someone or something