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Terms in this set (20)
He was the firt person on the moon on July 20, 1969.
middle-class Americans who wanted order restored to a country beset by urban riots and antiwar demonstrations
Spiro T. Agnew
He was Nixon's vice president and helped Nixon to denounce the opposition by confronting antiwar protesters and then turning his scorn on those who controlled the media, whom he viewed as liberals who cheered on the antiwar movement.
Twenty Sixth Amendment
It was ratified in 1971 and extended voting rights to citizens who were 18 years or older. It was considered as one of the improvements for people to participate in government but many conservatives opposed it.
Stagflation and its causes
A stagflation was a situation when the United States faced high inflation and high unemployment. The causes of the stagfaltion in the late 1960's and early 1970's were high inflation, a result of Lyndon B. Johnson's policies, increased competition in international trade, a flood of new workers and the country's heavy dependency on foreign oil.
Henry Kissinger and Realpolitik
Kissinger was Nixon's adviser for national security affairs and would later become Nixon's secretary of State. He promoted a philosophy known as realpolitik, according to which foreign policy should be based solely on consideration of power not ideals or moral principles.
SALT I Treaty
The SALT (Startegic Arms Limitation Talks) I Treaty was a five- year agreement which limited the number of intercontinental ballistic missilesband submarine launches missiles to 1972 levels.
détente (define & give to examples)
is a policy aimed at easing Cold War tensions. One of the most startling applications came in early 1972 when President Nixon, who had strong anti- Communist believes, visited Communist China. Another example would be Nixon's Moscow visit in May 1972.
The Watergate scandal centered on Nixon's administration's attempt to cover up a burglary of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office and apartment complex in Washington D.C.
Gerald R. Ford
After Vice President Spiro Agnew had resigned after the Watergate scandal, Gerald R. Ford was nominated as Nixon's new Vice President. After Nixon resigned in 1974, Ford became the 38th President of the United States.
They are a series of agreements that promised greater cooperation between the nations of Eastern and Western Europe and were signed by 35 nations, including the Soviet Union.
He was the Democratic nominee for the 1976 presidential election. He became President. He battled like President Ford the country's energey and economic crises but was unable to bring the United States out of its economic slump.
Results of Panama Canal Treaty
Panamanians had resented having their nation split in half since in 1914 the United States obtained full ownership of the Panama Canal. In 1977, the United States signed two treaties, one of which turned over control of the Panama Canal to Panama in 1999. Theses treaties bettered the relationship between the US and Panama.
Camp David Accords
In 1977, the Egyptian president Anwar el-Sadat and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin met in Jerusalem and with Carter, all three of them signed the agreement known as the Camp David Accords, under which Israel agreed to withdraw from Sinai Peninsula and Egypt formally recognized Israel's right to exist.
Iran Hostage Crisis
The shah of Iran, an ally of the United States, was overthrown in 1979 by rebels. Carter allowed the shah to enter the United States for cancer treatment, which the rebel leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini did not appreciate. Some revolutionaries took 52 Americans hostage and demanded the US to send back the shah. Carter refused and after a year-long effort to free the hostages they were released on January 20, 1981.
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
In 1973, Allan Bakke applied to University of California but was not admitted because some of the spots were for minorities and he was a white male. The court ruled that racial quotas were unconstituional, but that schools could still consider race as a factor in admissions.
She was a marine biologist and published a book entitled "Silent Spring" in which she warned against the growing use of pesticides. With her prodding the nation slowly began to focus more on environmental issues.
On April 22, 1970 nearly every community in the US and more than 10,000 schools and 2,000 colleges hosted some type of environmental-awareness activity and spotlighted such problems as pollution, the growth of toxic waste and the earth's dwindling resources. Earth day still continues today.
Alaska Native Claims settlement Act
This act turned over millions of acres of land to the state's native tribes for conservation and tribal use.
Three Miles Island
This was a place where nuclear reactors were located. It is near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. One of the nuclear reactors there malfunctioned and the plant had to be evacuated.
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