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NASM Table 7.6 Compensations, Muscle Imbalances, and Corrective Strategies

NASM Table 7.6 Compensations, Muscle Imbalances, and Corrective Strategies From the NASM CPT 4th Edition
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Soleus, lateral gastrocnemius, biceps femoris (short head)
Feet turn out - overactive
Medial gastrocnemius, medial hamstring, gracilis, sartorius, popliteus
Feet turn out - underactive
Adductor complex, biceps femoris (short head), TFL, vastus lateralis
Knees move inward - overactive
Gluteus medius/maximus, VMO
Knees move inward - underactive
Soleus, gastrocnemius, hip flexor complex, abdominal complex
LPHC excessive forward lean - overactive
Anterior tibialis, gluteus maximus, erector spinae
LPHC excessive forward lean - underactive
Hip flexor complex, erector spinae, latissimus dorsi
LPHC low back arches - overactive
Gluteus maximus, hamstrings, intrinsic core stabilizers
LPHC low back arches - underactive
Latissimus dorsi, teres major, pectoralis major/minor
Arms fall forward - overactive
Mid/lower trapezius, rhomboids, rotator cuff
Arms fall forward - underactive
Upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae
Shoulders elevate (push/pull) - overactive
Mid/lower trapezius
Shoulders elevate (push/pull) - underactive
Upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae
Forward head (push/pull) - overactive
Deep cervical flexors
Forward head (push/pull) - underactive