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Urinary System TEST study guide
Terms in this set (50)
What is the urinary system consisted of?
what is the main function of the urinary system?
filter and remove waste products from blood
what is the hardest working system in our bodies?
the urinary system
contaminated blood enters through what?
cleansed blood returns to the body via what?
each kidney is how many inches long?
how much blood does a person's kidneys process each day?
about 200 quarts
how much waste products and extra water does a person's kidneys sift out each day?
about 2 quarts
where does waste in the blood come from?
from normal breakdown of active tissues (such as muscles) and from food/drink intake
what are the 3 main parts of the kidney?
what is the outer shell of the kidney?
what is described as being composed of mainly glomeruli and tubules?
what is the inner portion of the renal pyramid called?
what part of the kidney collects urine as it is formed?
what is described as the working unit of the kidney?
what filters blood? (Nephron slide)
what produces urine? (Nephron slide)
what are very narrow, long tubes that carry urine from the kidneys down to the bladder?
how long (in inches) are the ureters?
usually 10-12 inches
what is described as a elastic muscular sac that lies in the base of the pelvis?
what organ contains rugae in the urinary system?
what organ receives urine from ureters, stores it, and excretes it through the urethra?
an adult bladder holds approx how many ml of urine?
what is described as involuntary, causing the "gotta go" feeling?
what is described as voluntary, and allowing intentional emptying of the bladder?
what is described as a tubular canal that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of body?
the external opening of the urethra is called what?
how long is the urethra in females? in males?
females 1 1/2 inches long
males around 8 inches long
urine gets its color from a pigment called what?
the normal output of urine per day in ml's is what?
true or false:
urine is acidic by nature
true or false:
urine is sterile
list the three stages of urine production
the process of filtering and removing water, sugar, amino acids, electrolytes, and other materials from the blood is what stage of urine production? what is it called?
stage 1: filtration
the process that comes after filtration when filtrates pass through four sections of tubules is called what? what stage is this?
stage 2: re-absorption
Stage 2 of Urine production:
as filtrates move along the twisted journey, most water and some desirable substances, such as ___________ and _____________ are re-absorbed into the bloodstream
The final stage of urine production occurs when special cell collecting tubules secrete ammonia, uric acid, and other substances directly into the tubule. At this point urine formation is now finished and it is passed from collecting tubules to the renal pelvis. What is this stage called?
Stage 3: secretion
3 types of urine testing are?
what urine test is described as an array of tests performed on urine for medical diagnostics?
what urine test is described as a test done on urine that involves "plating" urine in a petri dish to isolate possible bacteria?
what urine test is described as being used for the detection of HCG in the urine to confirm pregnancy?
what urinary condition is described as being either acute or chronic and is when kidneys fail to adequately filter toxins and waste products from the blood?
what urinary condition is described as a bacterial infection that affects parts of the urinary tract?
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
what urinary condition is described as any involuntary leakage of urine?
what urinary condition is described as crystallized formations of accumulated minerals in the kidneys (usually calcium oxalate or uric acid)
kidney stones (renal calculi)
what is another name for kidney stones?
kidney stones are usually caused by build up of what minerals?
calcium oxalate or uric acid
what urinary condition is described as a toxic level of build-up of waste in the blood/body?
what urinary condition is described as scanty (very little) amounts of urine?
what is described as high energy shock waves that are passed through the body and used to break down stones into pieces as small as grains of sand to make them easier to pass?
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