Terms in this set (25)
Gloria has a record of military service and is a PTSD sufferer. It is most likely that ________.
her hippocampus is smaller than average
Noah is a defiant teenager. The reason for his attitude is mistreatment by his parents. After (but not before) he was diagnosed as having "oppositional defiant disorder," people thought there was something inherently wrong with Noah, and did not look at the mistreatment by his parents as a possible factor in his defiant behavior. Which of the following limitations of DSM-5 is evident in this scenario?
power of diagnostic labels
Natasha, a fashion model, is highly fixated about her weight. She often skips meals and starves herself to maintain her body weight. Eventually, she starts feeling "too fat" even at the point of starving to death. Natasha is suffering from a body image disorder termed ________.
Cecil thinks he can carry on his winning streak in the tournament if he continues to eat fried chicken. He knows his behavior is senseless but whenever he tries to stop this, he feels anxious. He feels relieved only when he gives in to his habit of eating chicken. In this scenario, Cecil is suffering from ________.
George, a fisherman in Greenland, experiences sudden attacks of dizziness and fear while fishing in a small, one-man kayak. The symptoms, in this scenario, indicate that George is suffering from a culture-bound syndrome termed ________.
Which of the following is an example of hoarding?
a person filling his home with empty cartons, used tissues, and bags of old clothing
Which of the following is true of psychopaths?
They are incapable of remorse, shame, or guilt.
Which of the following is associated with "taijin kyofusho," the disorder that was discovered in Japan?
people feeling intensely frightened and irrationally embarrassed that their body parts or functions are disgusting to others
Which of the following symptoms can be observed in a person with ataque de nervios?
episodes of uncontrollable screaming, crying, and agitation
Which of the following statements is true of agoraphobia?
Its disastrous consequences, as imagined by the patient, are being trapped in a public place, where escape might be difficult or where help might be unavailable.
Which of the following is an example of a panic attack?
Elsie has short-lived but intense feelings of anxiety.
Which of the following would be included in the DSM-5?
emotional problems associated with menstruation
Schizophrenics insist that their thoughts have been inserted into their heads by someone controlling them or are being broadcast on television. Which of the following explains this symptom of schizophrenia?
Schizophrenics have bizarre delusions.
A person who has occasional panic attacks sees them as a result of a passing crisis. Another person with the same condition lives his life in restrictive ways, trying to avoid future attacks. Which of the following statements best explains this difference between the two people?
Their interpretation of bodily reactions is different.
The psychodynamic assumption behind projective tests is that the person's unconscious feelings will be "projected" onto the test and revealed in the person's responses. Which of the following sentences explains the reason behind this assumption?
Projective tests are used to infer a person's motives, conflicts and unconscious dynamics on the basis of the person's interpretations of ambiguous stimuli.
Long-lasting feelings of apprehension and doom are the characteristics of ________.
generalized anxiety disorder
One of the reasons schizophrenia is classified as a brain disease is because, schizophrenics show ________.
enlargement of ventricles in the brain
A mental disorder is defined as ________.
a behavior that causes an individual great suffering, is self-destructive, seriously impairs the person's ability to work or get along with others, or makes a person unable to control the impulse to endanger others.
One personality emerges to handle everyday experiences, and another personality to cope with the bad ones in a phenomenon termed ________.
________ is a condition in which the schizophrenic withdraws into a private world, sitting for hours without moving.
________ is a repetitive, ritualized behavior that a person feels must be carried out to avoid disaster.
The primary aim of DSM-5 is to ________.
provide clear diagnostic categories for clinicians to study and treat mental disorders
Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by ________.
a lifelong pattern of irresponsible behavior such as lawbreaking, violence, and other impulsive, reckless acts
________ is the urge to escape from slavery.
Culture-bound syndromes are ________.
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