Milestone Test review
Terms in this set (100)
Blue ridge, Ridge and valley, Appalachian plateau, Piedmont and coastal plains
Blue Ridge Region
Home to timber, most precipitation in the state and the highest point in Georgia, Brasstown Bald
Largest Region, home to peanuts, sandy soil and Okeefenokee Swamp
Separates the Piedmont and the Coastal Plains(Augusta, Macon and Columbus are located on it.
separates Georgia from South Carolina
Separates Georgia from Alabama
Knonw as "at the foothills of the mountains", home to red clay soil, Atlanta and is the most populated (2/3 of state lives here)
This is the oldest and most primitive prehistoric Indian civilzation found in Georgia and was the first to use the Atlata and large Clovis spear point
THis prehistoric period was known for the first use of clay pots, eating shellfish and started planting their own food
This civilization was the first to live in tribes, built effigies (Rock Eagle) and invented the bow and arrow
The most advanced! they built huge mounds (Etowah Indian Mounds) and lived in villages of thousand surrounded by a palisade wall
Hernando De Soto
He was the explorer who traveled through the Southeast looking for gold with priest, attack dogs and war horses. Documented all they say
Why Did the Spanish build missions along the barrier island in Georgia?
To convert the Guale Indians to Catholicism
Youngest memeber in Parliament, Set up Georgia to help debtors. It was named for King George II. He traveled over to the colony on the ship "Ann" . Chief Tomochichi allowed him to settle on Yamacraw Bluff.
John and Mary Musgrove
They were interpreters for Oglethorpe
Did you know Georgia was set up as a
Reasons for Georgia colony
Defense, Religion, Charity, Economics
Settled in Georgia at Darien. Great fighters and help defend Georgia's backcountry. They pushed to outlaw slavery and they also helped fight the Spanish at the Battle of Bloody Marsh!
Battle of Bloody Marsh
Fought on St. Simon's Island against the Spanish.
First Spanish permanent settlement in New World
1. John Reynolds (Setup a bicameral court system) 2. Henry Ellis (Slavery increased, more people came to Georgia, people made profits now in their new farms!) 3. James Wright (Built defenses around Savannah, The Georgia Gazette Newspaper started!)
Georgians (Liberty Boys) were angry that it taxed all paper products. They burned an effigy of the King and had to shut down its newspaper because of it!
Declaration of Independence - Georgians who signed it included
Button Gwinnett, Dr. Lyman Hall and George Walton
Battle of Kettle Creek
Elijah Clarke defeated a force of 800 British troops for the control of Georgia's backcountry in the Revolution!
6 foot, "War Woman" who killed and captured 5 British soldiers in her cabin. Hart County is the only county of the 159 to be named for a female.
Did you know Georgia's original Constitution only called for
U.S. Constitution - Two Georgia Lawyers who were not even born in the stated signed this document
They were Abraham Baldwin and William Few
Steps in the Juvenile Justice System
1. Intake 2. Detention 3. Formal Hearing and 4. Sentencing
7 Deadly Sins Act
This act allows for juveniles to be charged as an adult for committing certain crimes including rape, murder, armed Robbery
This an act committed by a juvenile that would be a crime if committed by an adult.
When a juvenile commits an UNRULY act such as running away or truancy that is not a crime for adults.
Any citizen under the age of 17
Must be 30 years or older, a US citizen for at least 15 years and a resident of GA for at least 6 years. Executive powers include enforcing the laws, Legislative Powers include signing or vetoing laws, Judicial Powers include pardoning convicted criminals! Lt. Governor - Same qualifications but is the leader of the Senate and assigns bills to committees!
Georgia General Assembly
Meets the second Monday of January for 40 days, the house can pass bills that deals with money, a billl must be the same if passed by both houses. Must be at least 21 to be in the house and 25 in the Seanate, they are elected by districts.....not counties, and they serve for 2 years
A city with its own government!
Boards of Commissioners
Most counties are run by elected commissioners
Did you know that most money (revenue) of local governments is through
Mayor Council Form of City Government
The elected city council makes the laws and the elected mayor carries out the law!
Council Manager Form of City Government
City council is elected and hires a city manager to run the day to day operations of the city. Mayor COuncil
Special Purpose Districts
Created for a single job or group (Example School system, MARTA, airport)
Changed in 1956 to place the Confederate Battle Flag on it as a symbol against integration of public schools. In 2000, the flag was changed to have 13 stars representing Georgia as the 13th colony!
Chief WIlliam McInrosah led his White Stick Creeks to victory against Red Stick Creeks at the battle of Horseshoe Bend.
Treaty of Indian Springs
Chief William McIntosh signed this to remove the Creeks west of the Mississippi River. He was killed by his own people for this.
Their capitol was New Echota. They created their own newspaper. "The Cherokee Phoenix! Gold was found on their land at Dahlonega and settlers moved on it. Thy won their court case in the Supreme Court only to be removed by President Andrew Jackson
Cherokee who invented the Cherokee Alphabet (Syllabary)
Treaty of New Echota
Chief Elias Boudinot, Major RIdge and his son, John, were killed by his own people for signing this treaty to remove the CHerokee people.
Former slave who stole his body, wrote the North Star Newspaper and worked to free the slaves ans was involved in the women's movement.
THis brilliant and very small Georgian who would be against secession but became Confederate Vice President
Executed for leading a slave revolt at Harper's Ferry
City in Georgia that was the rail center of the Confederacy and burned by Sherman as he started his march to the sea
Bloodiest single battle in the history of Georgia that is a Cherokee word meaning "River of Death"
Freed all the slaves in the rebellious states
Bloodiest battle in American history! Lee (The South) was defeated and a turning point in the war!
Prevented supplies from getting to the Confederacy.
Confederate prison for Northern soldiers. 13,000 died there!
Sherman's March to the Sea
Destroyed anything of use to the Confederacy from Atlanta to Savannah!
Setup to help former slaves with food, housing and education
Farmers used the land owner's tools and land and promised to share the crop they produced in return.
Ended Slavery 15th Amendment Gave Black Maels the right to vote.
Northerners who came south with money to buy land after the war
John B. Gordon, Joseph Brown and Alfred Colquitt were governers who fought to rebuild the south, bring industry and white supremacy
Atlanta Race Riot
Tom Watson wrote in his newspaper that black males were attacking white females in 1906. A race riot lasted for three days and left many dead!
Booker T. Washington
He believed in education was the key to equality (Atlanta Compromise) and build Tuskegee Institute.
He disagreed with Washington, wrote the book, "The Souls of Black Folks" and demanded equality (Niagara Movement). He also founded the NAACP.
You could only vote if your grandfather could in 1867!
He was a VERY wealthy African American who created a series of barbershops and founded Atlanta Life Insurance.
Prince of Austria whose assassination led to World War 1!
Atlanta Journal writer who wanted whites and blacks to work together. He wanted a "New South" with more industry and jobs.
Plessy V. Ferguson
What court case stated that segregation was legal as long as it was equal?
Did you know the two reasons why the United States entered World War 1 in 1917?
Zimmerman Telegraph and the sinking of the Lusitania!
The Boll Weevil
This small, grayish insect from Mexico destroyed much of the cotton in Georgia in the early 1900's.
Stock Market Crash
Borrowing more money that could be repaid, speculating in the stock market and overproduction of crops and goods led to this event also known as "Black Tuesday".
The New Deal
The Civilian Conservation Corps provided jobs for young men building roads. It was part of this program by President Franklin Roosevelt.
Axis powers of World War II
Japan, Germany, Italy
The U.S. helped England and the Soviet Union by this act by sending them arms and supplies.
Allied Powers of World War II
U.S., Great Britain and Soviet Union
Did you know that President Franklin Roosevelt Died during World War II at the
Little White House in Warm Springs, Georgia.
Bell Bomber Plant
Made B29 Bombers in Marietta during World War II.
Did you know that Fort Benning, Fort Gordon and Fort Stewart all served as
prisoner of war camps during World War II
Did you know that two Georgia port cities that helped build cargo ships (Liberty Ships) during WWII were
Savannah and Brunswick.
Brown v. Board of Education
Ended Segregation in all public schools.
Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes
First African Americans at UGA
CIvil Rights Act of 1964
Ended all segregation in public places and it was the 1963 March on Washington by Martin L. King who inspired this law!
Did you know that Rosa Park's arrest led to the
Montgomery Bus Boycott?
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Organized sit ins all over the South including lunch counters and bus waiting stations.
Dr. Benjamin Mays
First African American to sit on the Atlanta Board of Education.
The first African American Mayor of Atlanta, increased funding for art, helped expand the airport and helped bring the 1996 Olympics to Atlanta.
1996 Summer Olympics
This event in Georgia in 1996 brought international recognition, money, tourists, new facilities and business.
Governor Richard Russell
Father of the National School Lunch Program!
Juliet Gordon Low
Created the Girls Scouts of America.
Separation of Powers
The system we call the three branches of Government that each have powers over the other. Each branch has powers over the others (Checks and Balances).
This system gave Indian lands to new settlers as long as they were the "head" of the family.
University of Georgia
This was the first land grant university in America.
Mayor WIlliam Hartsfield
This Atlanta mayor worked to end segregation and to expand the airport. The airport today is named for him.
President Jimmy Carter
This Georgian became President of the U.S., made peace with Egypt/Israel in the Camp David Peace Accord, and won a Nobel Peace Prize!
He extended the school year to 9 months, the grade level to 12th grade and fought integration!
Know that Dr. King march on Montogomery
ALA led Congress to pass the Voting Rights Act of 1964!
Racist who started the 1906 Race Riot and created the RFD(Rural Free Delivery Mail to get mail delivered to rural areas of the country.
Mayor of Atlanta in the 1960's . He worked Dr. King and helped end segregation in the city, allowed black policemen to arrest whites and brought major league sports to the city.
Mayor of Atlanta and civil rights leader. He worked to get Atlanta the 1996 Olympics.