Chapter 11: Politics and Reform
Terms in this set (33)
granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
a supporter of the Republican Party during the Gilded Age who supported the Spoils System, Protective Tariffs, and Hard Money; opposed Rutherford B. Hayes when he decided to start a reform of the practice of patronage.
Republican reformers who were accused of backing political reform simply to create openings for their own supporters, led by James G. Blaine
the law that limited the use of patronage, and does not allow those who funded the campaign to be given government jobs rather, they would be given jobs based on their performance of examinations.
Republican political activists who supported Democratic candidate Grover Cleveland in the United States presidential election of 1884. They switched parties because they rejected the financial corruption associated with Republican candidate, James Blaine.
Wasbash v. Illinois
the ruling that Illinois could not restrict the rates that the Wasbash Railroad charged for traffic between states because only the federal government could regulate interstate commerce. Congress then created the Interstate Commerce Commission
1890 tariff that raised protective tariff levels by nearly 50%, making them the highest tariffs on imports in the United States history resulting in a national budget deficit.
Political movement representing mainly farmers, favoring free coinage of silver and government control of railroads.
Crime of '73
What farmers referred to as the governments decision to stop minting silver.
the first national farmers association, a group that gave farmers a social setting in which to share information about crops and livestock
The Farmer's Alliance
a new farmer's association that replaced The Grange and started in Lampasas County, Texas, in 1877.
Sherman Silver Purchase Act
in order to prevent farmers from voting for populists, this act was passed and 4.5 million ounces of Silver was bought by the U.S. Treasury per month. The democrats felt that investing in silver was the way to economic success, so the government increased the amount of silver they bought. The standard still remained gold though.
William Jennings Bryan
the nominee to represent the democratic party, he managed to say 600 speeches in 14 weeks over the many of states he went to. (Average of 6.12 per day), United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school
African Americans from the South who migrated to Kansas
a mandatory tax of $2 if you signed to vote
allowed one to vote if their ancestor was in the voting rolls previously
Plessy v. Ferguson
Ruling that stated that public facilities must be separated by race but "equal".
executions without proper court proceedings
Ida B. Wells
a fiery young African American who launched a fearless crusade against these lynchings
ideas put forward by Booker T. Washington that African-americans should not focus on civil rights or social equality (political goals) but concentrate on economic self-improvement.
Booker T. Washington
African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality. His ideas became known as the Atlanta Compromise.
believed that unlimited amounts of silver coins would solve the economic crisis
believed that American currency should be based only on gold
Chester A. Arthur
a Stalwart who supported the Pendleton Act
a fictional character made popular by a slavery-era stage performer.
James A. Garfield
President that took office in 1881. Nominated by the Republican party. Assassinated by Charles Giteau--Death shocked politicians into reforming the shameful spoils system
22nd and 24th president, Democrat. Pushed through the repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act.
Democratic Party of the late 1800s
viewed as the party of personal liberty.
Republican Party of the late 1800s
viewed as the party of big business
New technology in the late 1800s
helped farmers produce more crops which tended to lower prices.
wanted to beat the Democrats by appealing to the poor whites and blacks. Wanted a reduced tariff, a graduated income tax, government control of the railroads, extension of the money supply (free silver) Did not help the blacks.
Overturning of Civil Rights Act of 1875
By doing this, the Supreme Court set the stage for legalizing segregation.
Sherman Anti-trust Act
(1890) Regulation on monopolies, but did not work well because the courts were responsible for enforcement.