A solution that has a pH below 7.0 (natral)
Terms in this set (54)
A solution that has a pH below 7.0 (neutral)
A solution that has a pH above 7.0 (neutral)
Also known as bases; compounds that react with acids to form salts
Alkaline substance used to nuetralize acids or raise the pH of many hair products
alpha hydroxy acids
Abbreviated AHAs; acids derived from plants (mostly fruit) that are often used to exfoliate the skin
Coloress gas with a pungent oder that is composed of hydrogen and nitrogen
An ion with a negative electrical charge
The smallest chemical component (Often called particals) of an elements; structures that make up the elementand have the same properties of an element.
An ion with a positive electrical charge.
A change in a chemical composition or make-up of a substance.
Characteristics that can only be determain by a chemical reaction and chemical change in a substance.
science that deals with the composition, structures, and properties of matter, and how matter changes under different conditions.
Rapid oxidation of a substance, accompanied by the production of heat and light.
Also known as compounds; a chemical combination of two or more atoms of different elements in definite (fixed) proportions
The simplest form of chemical matter; an element canot be broken down into a substance without a loss of identity.
Molecule containing two or more atoms of the same element in definite (fixed) proportions.
An ingredient that brings two normally incompatible materials together and binds them into a uniform and fairly stable blend.
an unstable physical fixture of two or more immiscible substance (substances that normally will not stay blended) plusa special ingredient called an emulsfier
Chemical reactions that release a significant amount of heat.
Sweet, Coloress, oily substance used as a solvent and as a moisterizer in skin and body cream.
Liquids that are not capable of being mixed together to form stable solutions
The study of substances that do not contain the element carbon, but may contain the element hydrogen
An adom or malecule that carries an electrical charge.
The seperation of an adom or molecule into a positive and negative ions
Having a affinity for or an attraction to fat and oils (oil-loving)
Multiples of ten
Any substance that occupies space and has mass (Weight)
Liquids that are mutually soluble, meaning that they can be mixed together to form stable solutions
A chemical combination of two or more atoms in definite (fixed) proportions
Abbreviated O/W emulsion; oil droplets emulisfied in water
The study of substances that contain the element carbon
A chemical reaction that combines a substance with oxygen to produce an oxide.
Also known as redox; a chemical reaction in which the oxidizing agent id reduced (by losing oxygen) and the reducing agent is oxidized (by gaining oxygen)
Substance that releases oxygen
The abbreveation used for potential hydrogen. pH represents the quantity of hydrogen ions.
A measure of the acidity and alklinity of a substance; the ph scale has a range of 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. A pH below 7 is an acidic solution; a pH above 7 is an alkaline solution.
A change in the form or physical properties of a substance, without a chemical reaction or the creation of a new substance
A physical combination of matter in any proportions
Characteristics that can be determined without a chemical reaction and that do not cause a chemical change in the substance.
A chemical combination a matter in definite (fixed) proportions
A substance that adds hydrogen to a chemical compound or subtracts oxygen from the compound
The process through which oxygen is subtracted from or hydrogen is added to a substance through a chemical reaction.
A chemical reaction in which oxygen is subtracted from or hydrogen is added to a substance.
Special type of oil used in hair conditioners, water-resistant lubricants for the skin, and nail polish dryers
The substance that is dissolved the solute and makes a solution.
A stable physical mixture of two or more substances
The substance that dissolves the solute and makes a solution
States of matter
The three different physical forms of matter- solid, liquid, and gas
A contraction of surface active agents; substances that allow oil and water to mix, or emusify
Unstable physical mixtures of undissolved particles in a liquid.
A coloress liquid or white crystals with a strong unpleasent odor that is used in permanent waving solutions.
Acohols that evaporate easily.
Volatile organic compounds
Abbreviated VOCs; compounds that contain carbon (organic) and evaporate very easily (volatile)
abbreviated W/O emlusion; water droplets are emulsified in oil.