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Physical Education - Chapter 6.2 and 11
Terms in this set (39)
The muscles that support your spine and keep your rib cage and spine stable are referred to as your _____ muscles.
About ___ percent of adults experience back pain at some point.
_______ are exercises that use all or part of your body weight to provide resistance.
_________ is the real name of the supplement sometimes called andro.
human growth hormone
The full name for the substance called HGH is _______.
break down of muscle fiber
varying your program schedule for muscle fitness
Some of the best exercises for building your _______ are curl ups, trunk lifts, bridging, and side plank.
energy exerted by the muscles to cause movement or resist movement
laws of motion
rules of physics that help us understand human movement
form of training designed to build core muscle fitness
progressive resistance exercises
Pectoralis major, abdominals (external/internal oblique and transversus/rectus abdominis), and iliopsoas
What are the front core muscles?
Trapezius, rhomboid major, latissimus doisi, and gluteus maximus
What are the back core muscles?
hypokinetic condition because back is weak and short
frequency = 3-6 days a week
intensity = lift part or all of the body weight
time = 1-3 sets of 10-25 reps
What is the FIT formula for calisthenics?
basic laws of physics that are used to help people perform physical tasks efficiently and effectively
a movement that increases the angle between the bones at a joint
a movement that reduces the angle between the bones at a joint
tough tissues that holds bones together
invisible injury caused by repeated use or misuse of a body part that may not result in immediate pain, soreness, or symptoms
injury resulting from repeated movement that causes wear and tear in your body
rest, ice, compress, elevate
pain in the side of the lower abdomen that people often experience during sport activity, especially running
injury to a ligament
injury to a tendon or muscle
tissue that connects muscle to bone
Is side stitch considered an injury?
delayed onset muscle soreness
helps you generate work or increases your ability to do work
substances that negatively affect performance
alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana
What are some examples of ergolytic substances?
syntetic drugs that resemble the male hormone testosterone and produce lean body mass, weight, muscle size and strength, and bone maturation
risks for teens using anabolic steroids
acne, baldness, puffy face, stops growth; increased risk of liver disease or cancer; irritability, mood swings, violence
nonsteroid substance that leads to the formation of steroid
natural substance manufactured in bodies of meat eating animals (increases short term performance)
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