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17 terms

MAP Modern World History

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Renaissance
the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world
Patron
person who financially supports the arts
Bubonic Plague
Also called the Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe and killed one out of every three people; it contribute to the downfall of fuedal society
Humanism
An intellectual movement at the heart of the Renaissance that focused on education and the classics. Emphasized human beings, their achievements, interests, and capabilities.
Florence
the birthplace of the Renaissance, home to the Medici family
Vernacular
The everyday speech of the people; Renaissance authors wrote in __________.
Medicis
A great banking family in Florence in the 15th century. Ruled government of Florence from behind the scene.
Donatello
Italian sculptor renowned as a pioneer of the Renaissance style with his natural, lifelike figures, such as the bronze statue David
Raphael
(1483-1520) Italian Renaissance painter; he painted frescos, his most famous being The School of Athens
Michelangelo
An Italian painter, sculptor, and architect of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Among many achievements in a life of nearly ninety years, Michelangelo sculpted the David and several versions of the Pietà, painted the ceiling and rear wall of the Sistine Chapel, and served as one of the architects of Saint Peter's Basilica, designing its famous dome. He is considered one of the greatest artists of all time
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter, engineer, musician, and scientist. The most versatile genius of the Renaissance, Leonardo filled notebooks with engineering and scientific observations that were in some cases centuries ahead of their time. As a painter Leonardo is best known for The Last Supper (c. 1495) and Mona Lisa (c. 1503).
Machiavelli
Wrote "The Prince", a book that recommended harsh and arbitrary rule for princes
Albrecht Durer
Famous Northern Renaissance artist, he often used woodcutting along with Italian Renaissance techniques like proportion, perspective and modeling. (Knight Death, and Devil; Four Apostles)
Jan van Eyck
Flemish painter who was a founder of the Flemish school of painting and who pioneered modern techniques of oil painting (1390-1441)
Peter Bruegel
was Flemish; works include "The Wedding Banquent", "Children at Play", "The Beggers", and "The Wedding"
Johann Gutenberg
developed Printing Press and printed the Bible...books became cheaper, easier to produce and more available..
Printing Press
invented by Johann Gutenberg in 1454; first book was Gutenberg Bible; changed private and public lives of Europeans; used for war declarations, battle accounts, treaties, propaganda; laid basis for formation of distinct political parties; enhanced literacy, people sought books on all subjects