Chapter 6 terms

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Terms in this set (25)
activation-synthesis theorytheory stating that dreaming occurs when the cerebral cortex synthesizes neural signals generated from activity in the lower part of the brainhypnosisan altered state of consciousness or simply a psychological state of altered attention and expectation, in which the individual is unusually receptive to suggestionssocial cognitive behavior view of hypnosisperspective that views hypnosis as a normal state in which the hypnotized person behaves the way he or she believes a hypnotized person should behavepsychoactive drugsubstances that act on the nervous system to alter consciousness, modify perceptions and change moodstolerancethe need to take increasing amounts of a drug to produce the same effectphysical dependencethe physiological need for a drug, accompanied by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms; pain, craving-when the drug is discontinuedpsychological dependencethe strong desire to repeat the use of a drug for emotional reasons, such as a feeling of well-being and stress reductionaddictioneither a physical or a psychological dependence, or both on a drugdepressantspsychoactive drugs that slow down mental and physical activityalcoholisma disorder that involves long-term, repeated, uncontrolled, comulsive, and excessive use of alcoholic berverages and hat impairs the drinker's health and social relationshipsbarbituratesdepressant drugs that decrease the activity of the CNStranquilizersdepressant drugs that reduce anxiety and induce relaxationopiatesopium and its derivatives; they depress the CNS activitystimulantspsychoactive drugs that increase the CNS activityhallucinogenspsychoactive drugs that modify a person's perceptual experiences and produce visual images that are not real