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GACS lclab - US History Spring Final Review - Unit 7 - Chapters 20 through 23 (Fincher Only)

Charles Lindbergh

United States Aviator who made "first nonstop flight across the Atlantic." 1927; Plane called Spirit of St. Louis

Amelia Earhart

1928; first woman to fly as a passenger; 1932, first woman to fly a plane across the Atlantic Ocean

James Weldon Johnson

was an American author, politician, diplomat, critic, journalist, poet, anthologist, educator, lawyer, songwriter, and early civil rights activist. Johnson is remembered best for his writing, which includes novels, poems, and collections of folklore. He was also one of the first African-American professors at New York University. Later in life he was a professor of creative literature and writing at Fisk University. In 1916 he was asked to become the national organizer for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

Edward Hopper

(July 22, 1882 - May 15, 1967) was a prominent American realist painter and printmaker. While most popularly known for his oil paintings, he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching. In both his urban and rural scenes, his spare and finely calculated renderings reflected his personal vision of modern American life.[1]

John T. Snopes

Science teacher; challenged the law preventing public schools from teaching evolution

William Jennings Bryan

A believer in a literal interpretation of the Bible, Bryan was a prosecuting attorney in the Scopes trial (1925), in which he debated Clarence Darrow on the issue of evolution; the trial took a heavy toll on his health, and he died soon after it ended.

Marcus Garvey

head of the Universal Negroe Improvement Association. Urged black economic cooperation and founded chain of UNIA grocery stores and other businesses. Blacks looked up to him

Sacco & Vanzetti

Ferdinando Nicola Sacco (April 22, 1891-August 23, 1927) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (June 11, 1888-August 23, 1927) were Italian immigrants who were accused and convicted of murdering two men during a 1920 armed robbery in Massachusetts. After a controversial trial and a series of appeals, the men were executed on August 23, 1927.The case is controversial along two separate but related lines: Culpability: regardless of the verdicts, were the men actually guilty?
Conformance: regardless of actual guilt, were the trials fair? Answers to those questions were—and are—highly politicized. The assessment of either conformance or culpability turns on small details and often contradictory evidence. Many arguments have been made, but historians have still not reached consensus on either issue in the case of Sacco and Vanzetti.

Calvin Coolidge

Vice President then President when Harding died: famous for Laissez Faire policy (leave business alone and let them grow)

Andrew Mellon

Treasury Secretary under Harding; helped shape economic policies of 1920's

Henry Ford

was the American founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. His introduction of the Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. He was a prolific inventor and was awarded 161 U.S. patents

Eleanor Roosevelt

First Lady 1933-1945; tireless worker for social causes, including women's rights and civil rights for African Americans and other groups

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Fought the Great Depression through his New Deal social programs; battled Congress over Supreme Court control, proved a strong leader during WWII

John Maynard Keynes

British economist whose ideas have affected modern macroeconomics and social liberalism. He advocated interventionist economic policy, by which governments would use fiscal and monetary measures to mitigate the adverse effects of business cycles, economic recessions, and depressions. His ideas are the basis for the school of thought known as Keynesian economics,

Herbert Hoover

Worked to aid Europeans during WWII; responded inefficiently to 1929 Stock Market Crash and Great Depression

Huey Long

Louisiana Senator in 1930's; suggested redistributing large fortunes "share the wealth", by means of grants to families; assasinated in 1935

John L. Lewis

Head of the United Mine workers; used strikes during the war to win pay raises

Dorothea Lange

photographer - pictures symbol of depression

John Steinbeck

Wrote "Grapes of Wrath"; story follows fortunes of a poor family as they traveled from the Dust Bowl to California-based on Great Depression

Louis Armstrong

Nicknamed "Satchmo;" African American jazz musician

Al Capone

United States gangster who terrorized Chicago during Prohibition until arrested for tax evasion

Charles Coughlin

"Radio Priest" who supported and then attacked President Roosevelt's New Deal; prevented by the Catholic Church from broadcasting after he

Dr. Francis Townsend

The Townsend Plan called for a guaranteed monthly pension of $200 to every retired citizen age 60 or older, to be paid for by a form of a national sales tax of 2% on all business transactions. This led up to the Social Security Act (SSA) presented by Franklin D. Roosevelt in the New Deal.

Teapot Dome

Scandal during the Harding administration involving the granting of oil-drilling rights on government land in return for money


It won the presidential election for Warren G. Harding in 1920: normalcy, a word that he rescued from obscurity. After the disruption of the World War, Harding said on the campaign trail, it was time to get back to normal

Palmer Raids

Series of controversial raids by U.S. Justice and Immigration Departments on suspected leftists in the U.S. Raids named for Alexander

Scottsboro boys

Nine African American youths arrested for raping 2 white women while riding the rails

Bonus Army

Army veterans who served WWI were not given their money when they came home, they marched in front of the white house in front of Hoover and he called in the army to get away from him. Many were injured because of this. Was another reason for people who hated Hoover. They marched again later shortly after FDR became President. When they arrived they were shocked as they were welcomed by FDR and his wife Eleanor. They were fed when they arrived. FDR promised that they would get their money out to them as soon as possible and the men became loyal to FDR.

American Liberty League

Organization founded in opposition to the New Deal

The Wagner Act

Law passed in 1935 that aided unions by legalizing collective bargaining and closed shops, and by establishing the National Labor Relations Board

Federal Securities Act

Enacted in the aftermath of the stock market crash of 1929 and during the ensuing Great Depression; Part of the New Deal. The 1933 Act has two basic objectives:
to require that investors receive significant (or "material") information concerning securities being offered for public sale; and to prohibit deceit, misrepresentations, and other fraud in the sale of securities to the public.

Works Progress Administration

The largest New Deal agency, employing millions to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads, and operated large arts, drama, media, and literacy projects. It fed children and redistributed food, clothing, and housing. Almost every community in the United States had a park, bridge or school constructed by the agency, which especially benefited rural and Western populations. Expenditures from 1936 to 1939 totaled nearly $7 billion.[1]

Tennessee Valley Authority

Part of the New Deal - brought electricity to thousands of people at an affordable price. It controlled the flood waters of the Tennessee River and improved navigation, as well as introduced modern agriculture techniques. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) is a federally owned corporation in the United States created by congressional charter in May 1933 to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development in the Tennessee Valley, a region particularly affected by the Great Depression.

Federal Relief Administration

Federal program that provides funds to local relief agencies; helps to relieve overburdened agencies

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