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20 terms

Multiple Choice

STUDY
PLAY
the bodys continuous ability to respond to changes in the enviroment and to maintain relative constancy in the internal enviroment
homeostasis
the regions frequently used by health professionals to locate pain or tumors divide the abdomen into four basic areas called________.
quadrants
which of the following organs or structures does NOT lie within the mediastinum?
aorta, liver, esophagus, trachea
liver
a lengthwise plane running from front to back that divides the body into right and left sides is called
sagittal
a study of the functions of living organisms and their parts
physiology
the thoracic portion on the ventral body cavity is separated from the abdominopelvic portion by what muscle?
diaphragm
an organization of varying numbers and kinds of organs arranged together to perform a complex function
system
the plane that divides superior from inferior is known as the ________plane
transverse
which is the following structures does NOT lie within the abdominal cavity?
(spleen, most of the small intestime, urinary bladder, stomach)
urinary bladder
which of the follow is an example of an upper abdominal region?
(right iliac region, left hypochondriac region, left lumbar region, hypogastric region)
left hypochondriac region
the dorsal body cavity contains components of what system?
nervous
what organ is NOT found in the pelvic cavity?
(bladder, stomach, rectum, colon)
stomach
many cells acting together to perform a common function exists at the ____________level of organization
tissue
a plane that divides the body into ___________and ____________portions is a coronal plane
anterior and posterior
if you reference point is "nearest the trunmk of the body" rather than "farthest from the trunk of the body", where does the elbow lie in relation to the wrist?
proximal
when the body is erect
anatomical position
the buttocks are oftem used as intramuscular injection sites. what is that region also called?
gluteal
in the human body, the chest region,
(can be reffered to as the thoracic cavity, is a component of the ventral body cavity, contains the mediastinum, all the above)
all the above
which of the following is not a component of the axial subdivision of the body?
(upper extremity, neck, trunk, head)
upper extremity
the synonym for medial is:
midline