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one in which the central authority (government) holds all the power. It can grant some autonomy to the subdivisions but it can also take it away


one where independent nations join together for a common goal. Each nation retains its' sovereignty.

federal system

one in which the centralized government shares power with the subdivisions. Power is divided and defined.


A form of government that has ONE ruler


Rule by a small group of people


The people exercise their power through elected representatives

Direct Democracy

Citizens directly participate in making all decisions for the government.

Representative Democracy

Citizens elect representatives to participate in making all the decisions for the government.

force theory

government came to power and control the country by using fear and force.

evolution theory of power

power is handed down from parent to child.

divine right theory

God grants the power to rule an individual.

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