Biomes - Environmental Science SLO Review

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biome
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate and certain types of plant and animal communities
Taiga
a terrestrial habitat zone that is characterized by large tracts of coniferous forests, long and cold winters, and short summers
Deciduous forest
A biome with four seasons, plants shed leaves in the fall and grow new ones in the spring.
Temperate grassland
biome characterized by deep, nutrient-rich soil that supports many grass species
Chaparral
Mediterranean Sea, California, Chile, and southern Australia; high seasonal; mild, wet winters; warm, dry summers; frequent fires; densely thicketed, evergreen shrubs
Tundra
An extremely cold, dry biome.
Desert
A type of biome characterized by low moisture levels and infrequent and unpredictable precipitation. Daily and seasonal temperatures fluctuate widely
Tropical Rain Forest
forest biome that grows near the equator; receive large amounts of rain and have dense growths of tall, leafy trees; weather is warm and wet year-round; few plants live on the dark forest floor
Estuary
Aquatic ecosystem where freshwater from rivers meets salt water from the ocean.
Coral reefs
Prominent oceanic features composed of hard, limy skeletons produced by coral animals; usually formed along edges of shallow, submerged ocean banks or along shelves in warm, shallow, tropical seas
Wetlands
areas of standing water that support aquatic plants including marshes, swamps, and bogs. Species diversity is very high.
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface.
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