Terms in this set (78)
A three-dimensional art of fashioning figures of wood, clay, plastics, metals, stones etc.
Means "to carve"
Process of making sculpture that has been known since prehistoric times. With this process the artist subtracts or cuts away superfluous material until the desired form is reached.
A process of sculpting that mainly consists of addition to, or building up of form. The materials used are soft and yielding and can be easily shaped, enabling rapid execution.
Manufacturing process by which a liquid material is poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape and then allowed it to solidify.
Oldest surviving casting.
Also known as the lost wax method.
Raised forms that projects from a background or a surface. It is made to be seen only on one side from an angle.
A type of relief sculpture that is where the figure is projecting closer to the surface and no part is entirely detached from the background.
Another term for Low Relief
Other than bas relief, this is another term for low relief.
A type of relief sculpture where figures may almost detach from the surface.
Another term for High Relief.
Other than Haut relief, this is another term for high relief.
A type of relief sculpture that is between low and high relief.
Another term for half relief.
Other than demi relief, this is another term for half relief.
The lowest degree of relief in which the projection barely exceeds the thickness of a sheet of paper.
Another term for crushed relief.
A relief in reverse, in which all the carving lies within a hollowed-out area below the surface plane.
Another term for hollow relief.
In the Round
A free standing sculpture and is often on a pedestal or a base. This is made to be seen from many directions and angles.
Representationalist sculpture depicting a specific entity, usually a person, event, animal or object.
Representation of a person from chest up.
Typically showing a person on a horseback.
A sculpture from found objects.
Venus of Vestonice
Oldest sculpture dating back in pre-historic times.
Venus of Willendorf
A 11.5cm sculpture with bulbous proportions.
Characterized by abstract geometric designs which were enlivened by formal images of elemental gods.
Sumer and Akkad Sculptures
Sculptures that were made through basalt, diorite, sandstone and alabaster with the use of metals and semi precious stones as inlay. Characterized by large, staring eyes and beard.
Babylonian and Assyrian Sculptures
Period where sculptures include the Lamassu.
Characterized by colossal structures mainly used for outdoors to accompany or adorn the dead.
A type of relief where the outline is the one that is carved out.
Period where they have no interest in large sculptures. The designs were good but lacked a good sense of proportion, practically for human figures.
Period in art where they use they sculpture as monuments to honor their gods, to commemorate victories and to record religious sites.
A clay mold technique used by the Archaic Period mainly for frontal figures.
The only sign of life in with the Archaic Sculptures.
The period where the personality portrait started.
Sculptor famous for the boldness of which he foxed moments of violent action in bronze. Ex: Discobolus the Discus Thrower
The greatest name in Greek sculpture. He designed and directed the building of Parthenon.
Sculptures done in ivory and adorned with gold.
He was one of the most admired sculptors of the Classical Period and his aim was to depict people as they were. Ex: Doryphoros, the spear bearer
He always tried new techniques to make his artwork "ripple with life" and be as natural as possible.
An exaggerated contrapposto, a sensous more erotic modeling of the body and a serene countenance with an unmistakable gaze.
He initiated portrait sculpture and modified canon by using smaller heads.
Characterized by accurate portrayal of facial expressions even if it was unflattering.
A technique of undercutting with a drill around the figure rather than modeling them in rounded form producing a flattering contrast of light and shadow.
He continued the Italian tradition of elaborate freestanding carved pulpits.
Son of Nicola Pisano, developed freestanding sculptures in wood, ivory and marble.
Period where sculptures were made with full range of human emotions with exact knowledge of human anatomy and body mechanics.
Giovanni de Bologna
He was the first to make sculptures of twisting figure.
Period in sculpture that made a virture of complexity, distortion and artifice. There was a focus on the human form and not always realistic settings.
Period that replete with lively movement and pictorial in nature. Figures moved, flew or contorted with agony.
This period maintained the theatricality of Baroque with sculpted fugures that are even more melodramatic and compositions that were more complex.
Period that made sculptures with noble simplicity and serene grandeur.
Their sculptures were used as representation of certain religious ideas and doctrines. It all begins in reference to all things by Buddha.
a fine-grained stone with a smooth milk-white surface. It is slightly translucent.
Inert ingredient mixed with cement in making casting mix.
(In relation to sculpture) Any component of a building which has been modeled, carved or welded and integrated into the whole.
A framework of metal wire or tubing used in fashioning a work in clay, wax or plaster or Paris.
It is where a sculpture is mounted on or fixed into.
Other term for base.
A small terracotta sketch of a sculpture.
A design carved in relief in stone or shell.
Metal or plaster poured into a mould and left to harden to produce a work of art.
A mechanical process of finishing a metal surface.
Cold Cast Bronze
Modern method of casting sculptures in which the casting material is a resin mixed with powdered bronze.
A huge sculpture, larger than heroic.
20th century term used to describe a less planned approach to carving where the sculptor carves the finished sculpture without intermediate models and maquettes.
Other term for Direct Carving.
A type of dark-colored stone much used in Egyptian Sculpture.
Sculpture portraying the human or animal figure.
A small moulded statuette.
Sculpture larger than life-size.
A form of incised relief in which the design is sunk below the surface.
A small scale model for a finished sculpture.
Oil-based clay used for modelling sculptures.
A copy of sculpture which is in cast plaster.