Chapter 15 AP GOPO Vocab Bureaucracy
Terms in this set (21)
Authority given by Congress to the Federal bureaucracy to use reasonable judgment in implementing the laws.
civil service system
a system or method of appointing government employees on the basis of competitive examinations, rather than by political patronage.
United States federal executive departments are among the oldest primary units of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States
A directive, order, or regulation issued by the president. Executive orders are based on constitutional or statutory authority and have the force of law.
the thousands of federal government agencies and institutions that implement and administer federal laws and programs
Federal Employees Political Activities Act
1993 liberalization of the Hatch Act. Federal employees are now allowed to run for office in nonpartisan elections and to contribute money to campaigns in partisan elections
General Schedule (GS) rating
the predominant pay scale for federal employees, especially employees in professional, technical, administrative or clerical positions.
A government agency that operates like a business corporation, created to secure greater freedom of action and flexibility for a particular program.
1939 - Prohibited federal office holders from participating actively in political campaigns or soliciting or accepting contributions.
the process that turns a marketing plan into action assignments and ensures that these assignments are executed in a way that accomplishes the plan's objectives
Independent executive agencies
The government not accounted for by cabinet departments, independent regulatory agencies, and government corporations. Its administrators are typically appointed by the president and serve at the president's pleasure. NASA is an example.
Independent regulatory commissions
Federal regulatory agencies that are independent, thus not fully under the power of the president. Ex. Federal Trade Commission, Securities and Exchange Commission.
working groups created to facilitate coordination policy making and implementation across a host of governmental agencies
A mutually dependent relationship between bureaucratic agencies, interest groups, and congressional committees or subcommittees. They dominate areas of domestic policy making.
complex systems of relationships between groups that influence policy, including elected leaders, interest groups, specialists, consultants, and research institutes
A system of public employment in which selection and promotion depend on demonstrated performance rather than political patronage.
Granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service so that hiring and promotion would be based on merit rather than patronage.
characteristic of independent regulatory agencies that gives them legislative powers to issue regulations.
Efforts by government to alter the free operation of the market to achieve social goals such as protecting workers and the environment.
A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends.