Chapter 8: Athena
Terms in this set (24)
How was Athena born?
From Zeus' holy head
Who was Zeus' wife and why didn't she give birth to Athena?
Metis (wisdom), was deceived by Zeus' words and Zeus swallowed her down into his belly at the wise instigations of Gaea and Uranus
What was Parthenon
The great temple to Athena Parthenos (virgin) on the Acropolis at Athens
What was on the east end of the Parthenon?
The dramatic moment of Athena's birth
Who assisted in the birth of Athena?
What was on the west end of the Parthenon?
a scene of violent action, celebrating the victory of Athena in her contest with Poseidon for control of Athens and Attica
What was Athena's spear made out of?
An olive tree
What were the two friezes on the Parthenon?
1) the exterior Doric frieze, that consisted of 91 metopes. 2) the Ionic frieze ran continuously around the outer wall of the cella, or naos (housed the statue of Athena)
What was the Athena Parthenos (statue) made of?
the surfaces were made from gold and ivory
What did the Athena parthenos hold?
it held a figure of nike (victory) in her right hand, and her amor included a helmet decorated with sphinxes, the aegis (support) was the head of Medusa, a shield and a spear
What is Tritogeneia?
It refers to a region sometimes associated with her brith, the river of Triton, in Boeotia or in Libya
Pallas and Athena
Triton's daughter, Pallas, and Athena used to practice the art of war together. Once, Zeus intervened on behalf of Athena and Athena took advantage and killed Pallas. Athena then made a wooden image of Pallas
What is the character and appearance of Athena?
Bright eyes, quick mind, an inflexible heart, chaste and a mighty virgin, and protectress of the city Tritogeneia. She always remained sexually inapproachable
What does Glaukopis mean? In reference to Athena
Gray or green-eyed, but probably refers to the bright keen radiance of Athena's glace rather than the colour of her eyes
In what epithet do some scholars see a possible association between Athena and water or the sea?
Meaning of Parthenos
What hero most embodied the guile and cleverness of Athena
Which isn't true about Athena
What is the peplos?
Who is the maid that Athena bests in the weaving contest?
In what sanctuary were enshrined the marks of Poseidon's trident and Athena's olive tree
Assists at Athena's birth?
What subject does Athena weave into her tapestry in the contest?
Her contest with Poseidon
Which of the following is not an epithet of Athena?