Chapter 9: Aphrodite and Eros
Terms in this set (36)
Who is Aphrodite Urania?
Also known as Celestial Aphrodite, sprung from Uranus alone, and is ethereal and sublime in nature. She is the goddess of pure and spiritual love
Who is Aphrodite Pandemos?
Commonly known as just Aphrodite, sprung from Zeus and Dione and is essentially physical in nature. She is the goddess of physical attraction and procreation
Who is older? Urania or Pandemos?
Urania is the older of the two, and strong, more intelligent, and spiritual
Aphrodite Pandemos is...
born from both sexes, is more base and devoted to primarily physical satisfaction
The appearance of Aphrodite
in early Greek art, she is rendered as a beautiful woman, usually clothed, but by the 4th century, she is portrayed as nude and the idealization of womanhood in all her femininity; her sculptor was Praxiteles
Attendants of Aphrodite: the Graces
Also known as Charites, are generally 3 women who are all personifications of loveliness and charm
attendants of Aphrodite: Horae
Also known as Hours or Seasons, they are the daughters of Zeus and Themis, emerge with a clear identity as the season, and are thought of as a group of two, three, or four
Who is Priapus
Priapus' father may be Hermes, Dionysus, Pan, Adonis, or even Zeus. He is a fertility god and generally depicted as deformed and bearing a large and erect phallus
What is the appearance of Priapus?
Part scarecrow, part bringer of luck, and part guardian against thieves
Who does Priapus resemble the most?
Dionysus and Pan, he is sometimes mistaken for them
Who were the first women to prostitute themselves? And who caused this?
The Cyrpus women were the first ones to prostitute themselves, and Aphrodite caused this.
Who was the daughter to fall madly in love with her father, Cinyras?
What did Myrrah get turned into?
A myrrh tree that drips with her tears
Who are the parents of Adonis?
Myrrha and Cinyras
Who is Adonis?
The most handsome youth and keen hunter
Who is Cybele?
Originally sprung from earth, Cybele is originally bisexual (meaning both sexes), but then reduced to a female
How was Attis born?
When his mother, Nana, picked a blossom from an almond tree and put it in her bosom
Who attended to Attis so he wouldn't die?
How did Attis die?
He castrated himself
Who is Attis a god of?
Attis is a resurrection god, and he comes back to life with the rebirth of vegetation
Whose personality does Attis' merge with?
Who are the three hears that Aphrodite is unable to sway?
Athena, Artemis, and Hestia
Who is Eros?
The male counterpart of Aphrodite
What is Eros often related to?
The god of male homosexuality
Who is Psyche?
The youngest of three daughters, Psyche was believed to be the reincarnation of Venus
What was Cupid (Eros) ordered to do by his mother, Venus?
Cupid was ordered to make Psyche fall in love with the most vile of mankind, but he ended up making her fall in love with him.
Who wrote the comic novel called The Golden Ass or Metamorphoses in which the story of Cupid and Psyche is recounted?
Which figure can be seen as a variant of Adonis?
Who is the ithyphallic son of Aphrodite?
How did Aphrodite punish the women of Cyprus?
She turned them into prostitutes
Who is the Phrygian Great Mother who is coupled with Attis?
What is the name given to the eunuch priests of Cybele?`
In some versions of her birth, who is the mother of Aphrodite?
What is the name of the Graces, who attend Aphrodite?
Aphrodite Pandemos means which of the following?
Who is the girl who carried on an incestuous relationship with her father?