40 terms

Chapter 6

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Terms in this set (...)

polytheism
The belief system for the Greeks having various gods
anthropomorphism
imagining gods and goddesses having human characteristics
Aphrodite was wounded by
Diomedes
what was the gods food and wine
ambrosia and nectar
gods live where? (3)
the upper air, the upper world (Olympians) and those in the realm below (chthonian)
who lives in the realm below
chthonian
what flows in the gods veins
Ichor
Ichor is
clearer than blood and flows in the gods' veins
what animal is associated with Zeus
eagle
what animal is associated with Hera
Peacock
what animal is associated with Poseidon
Horse
what animal is associated with Athena
Owl
what animal is associated with Aphrodite
Dove/sparrow/goose
Ares
Boar
what are demigods
-offspring of mixed parentage, the union of a god with a mortal
-limited in their powers, and they are mortals
Zeus holds the highest moral values and becomes the god who....
protects the family
Zeus' monotheism and patriarchy is test by...
other goddesses
what can Hera do to Zeus
thwart his plans
what can Aphrodite to do to peoples monotheism
bend all the gods to her will (minus the 3 virgins Hestia, Athena, and Artemis)
what does Demeter force Zeus to do
come to her terms
what can the fates do to Zeus
he must yield to them
Protagoras view on humanism
man is the measure of all things; presumably he is challenging absolute values by voicing new relativistic attitudes.
did the Greeks have a bible or strict dogma
no
what did homer offer the greeks about religion
offered to the Greeks a literary bible of humanism that could on occasion be quoted like scripture
what does Herodotus best represent
Greek humanistic and religious attitudes
what stories does Herodotus relates to
Solon, Croesus, and Cyrus
where does Herodotus get his philosophy from
Homer
what are Herodotean themes?
-themes of Greek tragic literature: fate, god, and guilty and misguided mortals who by their own actions try to avoid their destiny
Aphrodite was in battle with a mortal warrior where
Diomedes cut the goddess and Ichor flowed out
what are Nymphs
secondary divinities or spirits who animated aspects of the natural world itself
According to Herodotus, which god rescued Croesus from the pyre?
Apollo
What Persian king will eventually defeat Croesus
Cyrus
Who was the pre-Socratic poet-philosopher who opposed an anthropomorphic conception of the gods?
Xenophanes
Who is the writer who records the tale of Solon and Croesus
Herodotus
What is the hallmark of the Greek conception of the Olympians
anthropomorphism
What does the word chthonic or chthonian mean
Having to do with the earth
Which may not be said of the story of Solon and Croesus?
The gods show their favor by lavishing mortals with power and riches
What is the most distinguishing feature of the Greek gods?
Immortality
What will be the final fate of Adrastus?
take his own life
Who was the ill-fated man who came to the court of Croesus for purification?
Adrastus
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