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Terms in this set (40)
a circle of latitude in the Northern Hemisphere, used as the pre-Korean War boundary between North Korea and South Korea.
Nicaraguan political leader: president 1937-47, 1950-56
Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini
was an Iranian Shia Muslim religious leader, revolutionary, politician, the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran
a policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression
the state of diplomatic hostility between the United States and the Soviet Union in the decades following World War II
in Communist China, a collective farm on which a great number of people work and live together
a U.S. foreign policy adopted by President Harry Truman in the late 1940s, in which the United States tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak countries to resist Soviet advances
a 1966-1976 uprising in China led by the Red Guards, with the goal of establishing a society of peasants and workers in which all were equal
a Nicaraguan politician who has been President of Nicaragua since 2007; previously he was leader of Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, first as Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction
refers to a process of political reform in the Soviet Union that took place after the death of long-time leader Joseph Stalin in 1953.
a policy of reducing Cold War tensions that was adopted by the United States during the presidency of Richard Nixon
the idea that if a nation falls under Communist control, nearby nations will also fall under Communist control
an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II.
a Cuban politician and revolutionary who governed the Republic of Cuba as its Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as its President from 1976 to 2008.
Ho Chi Minh
pres. of North Vietnam (1945-69)
during the Cold War, the boundary separat- ing the Communist nations of Eastern Europe from the mostly democratic nations of Western Europe
Leader of Chinese Nationalists, also known as Chang kai-shek. He was defeated by Mao Zedong's communist revolutionaries in 1949 and was forced to flee to the isalnd of Tawiwan, where, with the support of the United States, he became president of the Republic of China
John F. Kennedy
A Democratic party political leader of the twentieth century; he was president from 1961 to 1963. His election began a period of great optimism in the United States.
Soviet leader who met with Carter to sign the SALT II agreements.
A communist guerrilla organization which opposed the Cambodian government in the 1960s and waged a civil war from 1970, taking power in 1975.
A Democratic party political leader of the twentieth century, who was president from 1963 to 1969. Johnson rose to power in the Senate. He was elected vice president in 1960, running with John F. Kennedy, and became president after Kennedy was assassinated.
Leader of the Chinese Communists whose revolutionary army seized power in China in 1949
a U.S. program of economic aid to European countries to help them rebuild after World War II
the North Atlantic Treaty organization—a defensive military alliance formed in 1949 by ten Western European nations, the United States, and Canada
Ngo Dinh Diem
was a staunchly anticommunist Vietnamese statesman who refused to ally with Ho Chi Minh after the Franco-Vietnamese War. With the support of the United States government, Diem led South Vietnam from 1954 to 1963, when he was assassinated alongside his brother in a military coup.
1894-1971, Soviet statesman; premier of the Soviet Union (1958-64). After Stalin's death he became first secretary of the Soviet Communist Party (1953-64) and initiated a policy to remove the influence of Stalin (1956).
the independent countries that remained neutral in the Cold War competition between the United States and the Soviet Union
militia units formed by young Chinese peo- ple in 1966 in response to Mao Zedong's call for a social and cultural revolution
Richard M. Nixon
he was elected to be US President after Johnson decided to not to run for US president again. He promised peace with honor in Vietnam which means withdrawing American soliders from South Vietnam
was an American politician and actor, who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks—a series of meetings in the 1970s, in which leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union agreed to limit their nations' stocks of nuclear weapon
Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi
the leader of Iran after World War II that was supported by Western government and Western oil companies. He tried to weaken the political influence of religion in Iran by limiting the role of the Islamic legal and academic experts. He was forced to flee from Iran in January 1979.
A popular name, taken from the title of a film, for the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) of President Ronald Reagan. "Star Wars" involves the development by the United States of a defense in outer space against intercontinental ballistic missiles.
during the Cold War, the developing nations not allied with either the United States or the Soviet Union
announced by President Harry Truman in 1947, a U.S. policy of giving economic and military aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents
an international peacekeeping organiza tion founded in 1945 to provide security to the nations of the world
he incident when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. The U.S. denied the true purpose of the plane at first, but was forced to when the U.S.S.R. produced the living pilot and the largely intact plane to validate their claim of being spied on aerially. The incident worsened East-West relations during the Cold War and was a great embarrassment for the United States.
President Richard Nixon's strategy for ending U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, involving a gradual withdrawal of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
a group of Communist guerrillas who, with the help of North Vietnam, fought against the South Vietnamese government in the Vietnam War
a military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and seven Eastern European countries
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