HAVC 80 Test 1 Study Guide
Terms in this set (48)
- Earliest stone platforms
- The structure nearest to sea. The importance of these patterns is economic and political control of management and control of marine resources, water, and arable land.
- A ceremonial center that also functions as lineage centers that established group identity and solidarity, bind lineage to land, people to place, place to gods
- The study of past human societies using all available resources, but prioritizing their physical remains (artifacts, ecofacts, landscape, evidence for their environment)
- It's goals are to understand human activity and actors in a specific, local context, and at the same time the ways in which these relate to and depend upon wider historical processes and broader human similarities.
- high value
- age (older the better)
- processed materials (carved and polished marble, oils, processed it yourself)
- aesthetic appeal
- figural (should be able to tell it's a tree or it's a human)
- genius tormented artist
- profound concept
art as technology
When it is used as a system of tools and techniques by which people relate to their environment and secure their survival
art by appropriation
Something that wasn't originally intended to be art but now we've recognized and appropriated it as art
art by intention
Something intended to be art that was created as art
- Basically a religion on the Easter Islands
- Developed because it could restructure the social system to accommodate natural reality and environmental stress; frequent food shortages, and power shifts between chiefs/priests
- Each year leadership on the island, the "Birdman", was determined by the individual who could scale down the vertical slopes, swim out to one of three same islands in shark infested waters, and bring back the egg of the nesting sooty tern unbroken.
The body of rules, principles, or standards accepted as universally binding in a field of study or art
- 850 - 1200 CE
- New Mexico
- People began constructing massive stone buildings never built before that had water collection systems and an extensive network of roads. Evidence of a sophisticated and highly organized culture.
- Towards 1200 the people abruptly left, the reason could have been drought related.
- The practice of acquiring political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploring it economically.
- As a result of colonialism, different cultures have been forced together.
- Created stereotypes about how you're supposed to view people around the world.
About visually showing something by itself
- In conflict with religion.
- The doctrine that knowledge derives from experience.
- The capital of the Kingdom of Zimbabwe during the country's late Iron age.
- Served as a royal palace for the monarch and used as the seat of political power.
hallmarks of civilization
Art, writing, and religion
He is irrational, brutal, weak, silly, unable to be objective about anything where his own interests are involved .
Basically refers to the taking of goods or objects such as luxury goods, art work, precious metal, or other items of value.
Stone head figures carved by the Rapa Nui people on Easter Island
- Referring back to the classical world of perfect people in a perfect society.
- Refers back to ancient greece heroism and self sacrifice.
A mythic conception of people belonging to non-European cultures as having innate natural simplicity and virtue uncorrupted by European civilization.
- These people lived in Nigeria
- Tin mining on Nok Plateau in the 1950's
- Man found a Jemma head and put it on a scarecrow
- The idea that there's us and there's "others".
- Defining own positive identity through stigmatization of "other".
- Can take form of racial, geographic, ethnic, economic, and idealogical stances.
Objects that accumulate power by reference
- The most important and thoroughly investigated site in the Chaco Canyon
Punitive Expedition 1897
- British led invasion in which the troops captured, burned, and looted Benin city, bringing to an end the west African Kingdom of Benin.
- The native inhabitants of Easter Island
- Image of the islanders tearing down the moai with the help of French troops encouraged Europeans to think of Rapa Nui as savage and cannibalistic
- Its people are taking control of how they're presented to the world by encouraging tourism through the Tapati Festival
- A time period where people discussed what art is
- During this time period the noble savage was visually connected with early greeks who were thought to have an ideal life.
- Michaelangelo 1501 - He said sculptures were the best
- Da Vinci 1496 - Said there's something magical about painting because the artist brings something to life
- A non profit organization dedicated to the study of the rich astronomical heritage of the Ancient Chaco culture
- Founded in 1978 by Anna Sofaer, initial efforts of the project focused on the study, documentation, and preservation of the sun dagger site
- A remarkable celestial calendar of the ancestor Pueblo indians.
- The Chaco culture's architecture was built to align with the cycles of the sun and moon.
Allows examination of a range of creative expression without imposing value judgements.
- Title: "Mona Lisa"
- Artist: Leonardo da Vinci
- Year: 1503
- Medium: oil paint on poplar wood
- Where can you view this today? Musee du Lovre, Paris, France.
- Things that make this art: high value, unique, age, figural, genius tormented artist, profound concept
- Who is portrayed? Either 1) Wife of Francesco del Gioconda. 2) Isabella of Aragon. 3) Self portrait of Leonardo da Vinci.
- Is this image popular culture? "Everyone" agrees she is "art". Definitely used in popular culture, ex) commercials.
• Why would this portrait be considered art in some places and not in others? It would be considered art in some places versus others in that it has cultural value and praise in a country but does not necessarily meet western dominant traditions of what art is ex.) lack of a profound concept to it
• Would any characteristics of the 21st century definition of art presented in class apply to this? Yes; age, figural
• Why is classifying this as art problematic? Not art by intention, low value material and technique, lack of clear message or interpretation when approached by western scholars.
• What materials is this made from? Metal, beads, bones, fur, feathers, and blood
• What is it supposed to represent? Spiritual intentions & reflected beliefs and religious practices
• Where is it from? Republic of Benin
• What is the difference between "art by
intention" and "art by appropriation"? Art by intention: Something that wasn't originally intended to be art but now we've recognized and appropriated it as art
Art by appropriation: Something intended to be art that was created as art
- Who made this image?
Australian advertising campaign
- What area is it from?
North America (Western Culture)
- How is it an example of cultural appropriation?
It is an example of the cultural appropriation because it is taking one's culture and using it for marketing purposes. Going further it's taking the hunting aspect and making seem as if the people are savages.
- What is the purpose of this image?
Creative form of expression to market an American product(visual culture)
- How does this image demonstrate "primitivism"?
It represents exotic, tribal, savage people.
- What is wrong with the term "tribe"?
It is derogatory and racist.
It promotes a myth of primitive African timelessness, obscuring history and change.
In the modern West, tribe often implies primitive savagery.
Images of timelessness and savagery hide the modern character of African ethnicity, including ethnic conflict.
Tribe substitutes a generalized illusion for detailed analysis of particular situations.
- How did early anthropologists explain the similarities between the peoples of Africa, the Pacific, and the Americas?
Cultural resemblances were the product of migration, contact, or the diffusion of institutions from a common center or core
"Reception Given by the King of Hoorn Island"
Theodor de Bry
1590 - 1634
- What elements of this etching can be seen in other images of non-European peoples?
Lack of clothing, display of civilized vs uncivilized, based on direct visual experiences by travelers, representation as noble savages
- Why do these similarities appear?
To inform on the status of the "Other" and basically validate that Europeans are more civilized than these primitive cultures.
- What differences did colonialism make between peoples?
It created stereotypes about different cultures that separated them apart from each other.
- Whose perspective is this image painted from?
It's the Vallard Atlas pre - 1547 (Europeans)
- How is nobility depicted and why is that significant?
Nobility depicted in sitting positions of rulership( in most cases depicted giving orders or in the act of being worshiped)
- Has Africa ever been isolated from the Global Network?
No it hasn't
- Simba Bulaya
- Johannes Stradanus
- Left circle - The map of North and South America on the left identifies Christopher Columbus as the discoverer and Amerigo Vespucci as the disclosure and namesake of the Americas.
Right circle - The magnetic compass on the right commemorates Falvius Amalfitanus, who is credited with inventing or popularizing the compass.
Saddle with stirrups in the lower left - Alludes to the horse power that Spaniards employed to overwhelm Native American opposition.
The man and woman - reminiscent of the muscular figures in paintings and sculptures by Michelangelo.
Logs of dyewood in the lower right - Valued by the french for manufacturing pigments and dyes.
- What does this image represent?
- Describe the woman that represents Europe and explain the significance of each thing around her. Do the same with the woman who represents Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
- Why do some figures have more clothing than others? Be specific.
Africa and America have primitive groups and populations during the 18th century, Asia and Europe have more clothing as they possess more wealth from over thousands of years of economic development. Asia and Europe at the time period also held the most international trading power and dominated the worldwide market. Africa and America is still being developed while Asia and Europe have already solidified themselves.
- Where was this printed?
Europe in the 18th century
- Who was the lowest of the social classes among the women represented? Why?
The woman from the Americas.. Because the newly discovered country has yet to establish itself in the international trade market.
- Who is the man standing and what is the significance of what he is holding?
Amerigo Vespucci is holding a Christian banner and an astrolabe.
- Who is the woman in the hammock?
The indian woman wearing only a belt and feather cap represents the native women who he described as feminine objects willing to be dominated and exploited.
- What are the men in the background eating and why is that significant to the ideas Europeans held about the Americas?
The natives were represented as savage cannibals eating human body parts over a fire.
- How are themes of gender, sex, rape, sexual desire shown? Why would these be imported to the representation of America?
It projects the desire for sex onto the victims of European conquest. The invading Christians have no resistance to these shameless Indian women.
- Robert Vaughan
- Upper left - The ritualistic circle of dancers in White's Indian Village of Secoton surrounded by belligerent warriors.
Top - The figure of White's sorcerer for the central vignette of idol worship and heathen ritual.
Bottom right - The legend of how Smith escaped execution at the hands of the Algonquians when Pocahontas interceded on his behalf.
Central - Map that is inscribed as a description of part of the adventures of Captain Smith in Virginia.
- Savages of the pacific ocean
- Jean-Gabriel Charvet
- pencil and watercolor
- Depicts the noble savage because of the state of natural man, born essentially good, free from all preconceptions and following without suspicion.
- Nok peoples
- 2500 BP or 500 BCE
- How was this conical tower portrayed by the white government of Zimbabwe?
It was used to deny the past to the the indigenous people who could possibly use it to establish a new form of government. It also provided an identity for the people in the new nation. In a sense the tower had become a form of entertainment versus one of sacredness.
- How did racism impact the excavation of this site?
Blacks were denied access to the site which attempted to keep them away from the ritualistic site.
- Where is this located?
- What are some theories about what this site was and how it was used?
Some theories about this site was that it had always been used for political purpose. The Conical Tower was intended to represent the identity of the people. The tower in the precolonial period had limited access and one was only permitted to go in with a specific and convincing purpose. Just as the pre colonial the colonial government used it to provide visual iconography of power to the common "person".
- How does different management of the Zimbabwe sites change their meaning?
Different management of the sites change their meaning by linking together their culture with the iconic site. No matter the race or culture, the group in control of the Conical Tower linked its greatness with their political intentions.
- What evidence is there that Great Zimbabwe was a center of political authority?
Fighting off of ignorant claims of its purpose, the same attempt by pre and post rulers use it to link power and the land together
- Located on Bajada Butte in the Chaco Canyon
- Ann Sofaer discovered it
- 850 - 1200 CE
- 1100 - 1500 / 1680 CE
- Ahu Moai Period
- Easter Island common house
January 7, 1872
- How does this image depict the peoples of Rapa Nui?
Not very accurate reasons being; lack of design of sculptures, carving occurring while not in ritual, proximity of statues to one another is too close
- How accurate is it?
Semi accurate in that it depicts the reuse of statues, moving of statues, a constant change of placement of the statues from one place or form to another
- If the same artist could paint images accurately, why would he choose not to here?
Provide a bigger picture of the island and the people who inhabit it, the amount of statues, the idea of a constant motion of the statues traveling around the island,
- How was this image disseminated?
Published throughout France
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
HAVC 80 MIdterm 1
ANTH Ch. 17: Art and Media
chapter 17 anthro
Art Since 1945 Midterm
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
MATH 117 Quiz 4
MATH 117 Quiz 3
MATH 117 Quiz 2
MATH 117 Quiz 1
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
HAVC 80 Midterm
HAVC 80 MIdterm 1