US History unit 1
Terms in this set (88)
Founding Father, author of the federalist papers, first secretary of treasury, and architect of first fiscal plan for united states after the ratification of the constitution
First successful colonial independence movement against European power, 1775-1783
She was a puritan religious leader In Massachusetts bay colony
Series of articles written in 1787 to oppose ratification of constitution
Articles of confederation
Created in 1777 and first government of US was based on it
1676 uprising in Virginia colony led by frontiersmen against gov. Corruption and oppression
Battle of Camden
1780 battle during AR when British forces (Lt.gen.Charles Cornwallis) defeated continental army(gen.Horatio gates)
Battle of Trenton
AR event, December 26, 1776 after George W. Crossed the Delaware river boosting continental army morals
Traitor, began as leader in continental army and switched to British Arny in 1780
Printer, scientist, inventor, helped write declaration of independence and constitution
Lenses two different viewing areas, Benjamin F.
Bill of rights
First ten amendments to US constitution
Monday march 5, 1770 helped spark AR
Boston tea party
Political protest by boston, Massachusetts 1773 against British Parliament led by some of liberty
Checks and balances
Allows branches to oversee the actions of each other
Committee of correspondence
Local gov. Body in American colonies that coordinated written communication outside colony
By Thomas Paine, 1776. Said continuing British loyalty is absurd and independence is only rational
The senate must Do this for a potential cabinet member to be able to accept the job
1787 meeting where the constitution was debated and agreed upon
Name of military force that fought for and won independence from great britian in AR
Puritan minister in New England late 1600s , well known for Salem witch trials
Dominion Of New England
This union of colonies in northeastern British North America was created in 1686, was headed by a royal governor, but was dissolved in 1689 after being highly unpopular with people there.
Election Of 1796
This election saw John Adams and Thomas Jefferson vying to become the second President of the United States. Adams won by a narrow electoral margin.
This is the branch of government that is responsible for carrying out the laws.
This was a series of Articles written to persuade New York to ratify the Constitution.
This refers to both a people (located on mainland of Europe) and a language (spoken there and also in parts of Canada, the Caribbean, and the African continent).
French And Indian War
This refers to the battles between France and England in the \"New World\" resulting in the loss of all French possessions and was part of the Seven Years\' War
This is the name to the essay written by the first U.S. President in which we warned of the dangers of sectionalism, political parties, becoming involved in foreign affairs, escalating debt, and much more
This system of government has powers divided between the central government and regional governments, with central government being supreme
This early American political party was founded by Alexander Hamilton and based upon the belief that a strong national government was critical to the survival of the nation.
This colonial Virginia statesman was, along with James Madison, known as the \"Father of the Bill of Rights\" for his insistence that one be added to the Constitution.
He was our first president, father of the nation, founding father, and Commander of the Continental Army in victory over Britain in the Revolutionary War
He was an Anglican minister, known for his work in the First Great Awakening and his assistance to John and Charles Wesley in founding the Methodist Church.
This was a religious revival that promised the grace of God to all who could experience a desire for it.
At the Constitutional Convention in 1787, this deal used parts of the \"Virginia\" plan and the \"New Jersey\" plan to create a Congress with 2 houses, one with representation based population and one with representation being equal.
This was a method for members to have partial church membership in the New England Puritan Church. It was promoted by Reverend Solomon Stoddard.
These were German soldiers of the 1700s who were hired by Great Britain to fight in the American Revolution AGAINST the American colonists.
House Of Burgesses
This was the first representative government in North America located in Virginia, but the Virginia Company had to approve any laws it passed.
This term refers to the process by which the Bill of Rights is and can be applied to the individual states of the United States.
These were series of laws passed in response to the Boston Tea Party by the British Parliament in 1774. Those laws included the Massachusetts Government Act, Administration of Justice Act, Boston Port Act, and the Quartering Act. These acts are considered a significant cause of the American Revolutionary War.
This was an author of the Virginia Plan, considered to be the \"Father of the Constitution,\" and President during the War of 1812.
This was the first permanent English colony in the New World
He was one of the writers and signers of the Declaration of Independence, the first Vice President, and the Second U.S. President.
This was a British philosopher who argued that governments only purpose was to protect man\'s natural rights.
He was an English soldier and sailor, who is now remembered helping to establish Jamestown, the first permanent English colony in North America.
Join Or Die
This is the name of the political cartoon drawn by Benjamin Franklin in 1754, urging colonists to unify in what would be the Seven Years War (French and Indian War)
This New England minister, a key figure in the First Great Awakening, is perhaps most known for his \"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God\" sermon of 1741.
King Phillip\'s War
This 1675 war between the New England settlers and the Wampanoag Confederacy resulted in a resounding victory for the English.
This is a form of government in which the power to rule is significantly restrained by a strong Constitution or other document
He was the British general that was defeated at Yorktown to signify the end (and loss) of the Revolutionary War.
Marquis De La Fayette
He was a French military officer who was a key general during both the French and American Revolutionary wars. He volunteered his services.
This is a state that was first settled by the Pilgrims in 1620 in Plymouth. The first Thanksgiving was celebrated here.
This was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony, signed by the Pilgrims in November of 1620.
This was the economic philosophy that control of imports was the key to enhancing the health of a nation and that colonies existed to serve the home country as a source of raw materials and a market for manufactured goods.
This colonial region included New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York and Delaware and was notable for wheat and grain production and shipbuilding.
This colonial region consisted of New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware.
This is the term used to describe the part of Triangle Trade in which slaves were shipped from Africa to the Western Hemisphere.
He was a French philosopher who developed a number of political theories in his Spirit of the Laws.
This was the 17th century Dutch colonial town that grew to become New York City. It was originally explored by Henry Hudson of the Dutch East India Company in 1609.
This colonial region consisted of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Hampshire.
This is name given to the power of a Legislative branch of government to vote a bill into law even though it has been vetoed by the head of the Executive branch.
He was an early colonial leader who was opposed to British tyranny, supported republicanism, and famously said \"Give me Liberty, or give me Death!\" in a speech in 1775
This English colony was founded by Pilgrims aboard the \"Mayflower\" in 1620.
She was the daughter of Chief Powhatan, but married Jamestown colonist John Rolfe in 1614.
Poor Richard's Almanac
This is the name of the book published by Benjamin Franklin in the mid-1700s that predicted weather, provided information, and became a part of American life.
This was a powerful Native American tribe that was in constant conflict with European settlers in eastern Virginia.
This is the name given to the boundary establish by Britain after the French and Indian War, to the west of which colonists were not to settle.
Proclamation Of 1763
This was issued by King George III at the end of the French and Indian War/Seven Year\'s War to organize Britain\'s new North American empire. It regulated trade, settlement and land purchases with the Native Americans. It gave Britain a monopoly on land purchased west of the Appalachians.
This means \"to approve,\" and is what states must do to proposed Constitutional amendments and the Senate must do to treaties just to name a few.
Salem Witch Trials
These were a series of court proceedings held in Massachusetts in 1692 in which 20 people were executed for allegedly practicing witchcraft.
Separation Of Powers
This is the Constitutional principle that the law making, executive, and judicial powers be held by different groups and people.
This was a 1786 uprising of Massachusetts farmers concerned about the loss of their land.
This refers to a tax that Charles I of England tried to levy with the consent of Parliament, and only applied only to coastal towns during a time of war to offset the cost of defending the coast.
This is the term used to describe a system of forced labor in which a person is considered to be the property of another person.
Sons Of Liberty
This group of Patriots was formed in 1765 and urged colonial resistance to the Stamp Act using any means available... even violence.
This colonial region consisted of Virginia, Maryland, North and South Carolina, and Georgia.
This was an Act passed in 1765 by the British, requiring all legal documents, contracts, newspapers, etc. in the American colonies to carry a tax stamp to help pay for the military presence in the colonies.
He was the third president of the United States, a founding father, and the author of the Declaration of Independence
This is the writer of Common Sense in 1776 and advocate of America\'s separation from Great Britain
This was an agreement reached between Northern and Southern states during the Constitutional Convention. It was a method of calculating the population of slaves into the apportionment of the House of Representatives and distribution of taxes.
This is the agricultural product smoked by Native Americans and brought back to Europe with the discovery of the new world. It helped the colonization of the future American South.
Trans-atlantic Slave Trade
This was the trade of African slaves by Europeans. Most slaves were shipped from West Africa to the New World.
Treaty Of Paris, 1783
This was a document which formally ended the American Revolutionary War.
This was the site of the headquarters of the Continental Army under George Washington during American Revolution.
He was a German military officer who fought in the Continental Army in the American Revolution.
This 1794 uprising was the first real challenge to the new nation\'s ability to enforce laws and maintain national security.
He was the founder of the Quaker settlement that later became the state of Pennsylvania.
This was the Virginia site of Cornwallis\'s surrender in the American Revolution.
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