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APUSH Chapter 40
Terms in this set (176)
Slogan of Reagan
It's Morning in America
Census confirmed that people were older in the 1980s and live in the _____ or ____, the traditional bastions of the Old Rights
South or West
Where many residents harbored suspicions of federal power?
New conservative cause added strength from the emergence of a _____ ______ movement? Who spearheaded the New Right?
New Right. Moral Majority.
Dedicated believers who enjoyed startling success as political fund-raisers and organizers?
New Right activists were far less agitated about economic questions than ______ ________
The so-called social issues?
What did the New Rights movement(Reagan sided with them) denounce? What did they champion?
abortion, porn, homosexuality and especially affirmative action... prayer in schools and tougher penalties for criminals
Reagan championed what against big business?
He condemned federal intervention in local affairs, _________ for minorities, and the ______ of arrogant bureaucrats.
Reagan implied that the ______ party had become the party of big government
Reagan drew on the ideas of a small but influential group of thinkers known as? Championed free-market capitalism and anti-Soviets
Ranks of neoconservatives? What were their jobs?
Podhoretz(editor of Commentary mag) and Kristol(editor of Public Interest)
Reagan previous profession? Where did he grow up? Father's nationality?
sports announcer for an IOWA radio station.... actor(B-grade). Illinois. Irish.
Reagan was the president of what before being POTUS
Screen Actors Guild
What was Reagan spokesman for
Where was Reagan governor
Carter's admin was _______ and _______
bungling and befuddled
Carter's ineptitude led to the Dem. Party made what group
ABC(Anybody but Carter) movement
Liberal wing of the Dem. party found its champion in who?
Kennedy(Mass)... last of Kennedy brothers
Where did a young woman assistant get drowned when Kennedy's car plunged off a bridge?
Chappaquiddick Island, Mass.-- ended Kennedy's election bid
Who was the moderate independent candidate in the election of 1980
Carter was the first elected president to be unseated by the voters since who was ejected from office?
Republicans gained control of the Senate for the first time in how many years?
Carter's Farewell Address stated what
stressed his efforts to scale down the arms race, promote human rights and protect the environment
Carter's last bill signed did what
preserved 100 million acres in Alaska for parks/forests
Carter received what in 2002
Nobel Peace Prize
When were the Iranian hostages released?
Reagan's(69 years old) Inauguration Day
Reagan devoted to?
fiscal fitness and leaner fed. gov
Budgets of what surpassed the Dep of Defense
Dep of Health/Edu/Welfare
What revolt protested to slash property taxes and forced painful cuts in the government services?
Proposition 13. CA tax revolt
CA tax quake hit Washington, D.C. and Reagan proceeded to rattle the ______ ______ of Wash
Reagan proposed tax cuts of how much in social programs like food stamps
Aided by who did the Republican conservatives come to dominate the House of Reps dawning a new era of conservatism
Conservative Dem. Boll Weevils
Southern conservative Democrats who abandoned their own party's leadership to follow Reagan
While leaving a Washington hotel, someone shot Reagan with what which penetrated beneath Reagan's left arm and collapsed his left lung
How many days did it take for Reagan to get out of the hospital?
Second part of his economic plan called for what
tax cuts-- 25% reductions
What combination of budgetary discipline and tax reduction stimulated new investment, boost productivity, foster dramatic economic growth and eventually even reduce the federal deficit
Reagan's supply-side economics
What states did Reagan lose in 1980
Minn, W. VA, GA, MD
Unemployment reached ___ percent in '82, businesses folded and several bank failures jolted the nation's financial system
What industry had its worst performance in history
Budget cuts hurt who the most
poor and handicapped
What precipitated in the Reagan recession which was initiated by the Fed Reserve Board in '79
tight money policies
What happened in the 80s regarding income
poor got poorer and rich got richer
Young urban professionals? Sporting rolex watches and BMW sports cars made a religion out of consumption
Who showcased the values of materialism and the pursuit of wealth that came to symbolize the high-rolling 1980s? 1.5 million were this
What constituted the real foundation of 1980s prosperity?
How much did Reagan spend on the arms race?
American international trade deficit reached a record ______
152 billion... Americans became the world's heaviest borrowers
Reagan denounced the SU what?
focus of evil in the modern world
What plan wagered the enormous sum of Reagan's defense budget on the hope that the other side would not call Washington's bluff?
riverboat gambler's ploy
In 1983, Reagan announced his intention to pursue a high-tech missile-defense system called what? Known as Star Wars.
Strategic Defensie Initiative(SDI)
What plan called for orbiting battle stations in space that could fire laser beams or other forms of concentrated energy to vaporize intercontinental missiles on liftoff?
Reagan referred to SDI as throwing an _______ defense shield over America
Poland needled for over a year by a popular movement of working people organized into a massive union called what
Who clamped martial law on the trouble country?
How many aging oligarchs in the Kremlin died in 1982 and 1985
1983, the SU shot down whose passenger airliner that violated Soviet air space? And where did many civilians land and die?
Korea. Sea of Okhotsk
USSR and Soviet athletes boycotted the Olympic Games where
Israel continued to allow new settlements to be established in the occupied territory of what river
Jordan River's West Bank
Where did Israel invade, seeking to suppress once and for all the guerilla bases from which Palestinian fighters harassed Israel?
Who plunged into armed chaos?
Lebanon and Palestinians
1983, a suicide bomber crashed an explosive-laden truck into what killing more than 200 marines?
US Marine barracks
Dem opponents called Reagan what after placing troops in Lebanon?
A leftists revolution had deposed the long-time dictator of what?
Hotly anti-American rhetoric of the revolutionaries in Nicaragua?
What is the region from Egypt to Afghanistan also known as?
arc of crisis
Who did Reagan accuse of turning the US into a forward base for Soviet and Cuban military penetration of all of Central America?
People believed that Nicaragua was sending weapons to who?
Where did Reagan send military "advisers" to prop up the pro American gov?
Who opposed the anti-American government in Nicaragua? Reagan sent CIA-engineered mining of harbors
Where did Reagan flex his military muscles?
In a dramatic display of American might, Reagan dispatched an invasion force to what island where a military coup had killed the prime minister and brought Marxists to power?
1984 election: Dem party candidate? Made history by doing what? Whats her name and where is she from
Mondale. Named VP a congresswoman Ferraro(NY)
Reagan won every state except what?
Minnesota(Mondale home state) and D.C.
Objectives of Reagans first and second term?
first: reducing taxes. Second: foreign-policy issues
New Soviet leader installed as chairman of the Soviets?
Gorbachev's two policies?
Glasnost(openness) and Perestroika(restructuring)
What aimed to ventilate the secretive, repressive stuffiness of Soviet society by introducing free speech and a measure of political liberty?
What intended to revive the moribund Soviet economy by adopting many of the free-market practices such as the profit motive and an end to subsidized prices of the capitalist West
1985, the SU announced they will cease to deploy what targeted at Western Europe
intermediate-range nuclear forces(INF)
First of four summit meetings where? Second? Third?
Geneva. Reykjavik, Iceland(stalemate). Washington, DC(leader signed the INF treaty)
Reagan entered office condemning what evil empire?
Reagan provided back for who to ouster who in the PI?
Reagan ordered a lightning air raid against who? In retaliation for a bomb blasted in West Berlin that killed a US serviceman
What two foreign policy problems seemed insoluble
continuing captivity of a number of American hostages seized by Muslims and continuing grip on Sandinista gov in Nicaragua
Who did the contras fight against
1985, Americans sold arms to who in return for aid in the release of the hostage in the Middle East?
Reagan vowed what which he later violated
Never negotiate with terrorists
Supply side said that lower taxes would ____ gov revenue
Reagan added how much national debt
What nation aided in financing the Reagan era
Reagan's highest political objective?
containment of welfare state
1990s median income declined from what to what
33,500 to 31,000
Who founded a political organization called the Moral Majority? Where was he from
Evangelical minister from Lynchburg, CA.... Falwell
Who preached against sexual permissiveness, abortion, feminism and spread of gay rights
What televangelists became aggressive political advocates of conservative causes and reached 2 to 3 million voters?
Members of religious right were sometimes called what
What term recalls the left-wing protest movement of the 1960s?
Feminists declared what which led the religious right to do the same? Organizing ground for political movement?
personal was politcal... gender roles, homo, and prayer
Religious rights practiced what?
identity politics(New Right mimicked New Left in some aspects)
Anti-abortion movement rights made
Budget was Reagan's chief weapon in the war against welfare, the _____ were his principal instrument in cultural wars
Reagan named __ conservative minded justices as US SC. Who is the one named
First woman to ascend to the high bench in the Court's 200 year history
Reaganism repudiated what two great icons of liberal political culture?
affirmative action and abortion
Case involving Memphis firefighter, that union rules about job seniority could outweigh affirmative-action concerns in guiding promotion policies in the city's fire department in what two cases?
Ward's Cove Packing v. Antonia
Martin V. Wilks
What two cases made it more difficult to prove that an employer practiced racial discrimination in hiring and made it easier for white males to argue that they were the victims of reverse discrimination
Ward's Cove Packing v. Antonia
Martin V. Wilks
affirms the legality of a woman's right to have an abortion under the Fourteenth amendment to the Constitution case?
Roe v Wade
What case compromised Roe's protection of abortion rights
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
What case ruled that states could restrict access to abortion as long as they did not place an undue burden on the woman
Planned Parenthood v Casey
In what state did a woman not have to notify her husband on an abortion
Dem majority flexed its political muscle when it rejected what?
Bork, Reagan's ultraconservative nominee, for SC vacancy
Federal budget deficit and the international trade deficit name
double mountain of deficits
What does S&L stand for
savings and loan institutions
Rescue price of S&L?
It took federal assistance to save what bank from failure
Continental Illinois Bank
October 19, 1987 the leading stock-market index plunged 508 points- the largest one day decline in history
What magazine had a famous quote about Black Monday
Newsweek magazine... Mark Twain famously commented about his own obituary, this announcement proved premature
Group of Dem. who chased after their party's 1988 presidentuial nomination?
Dem front runner in '88 who was forced to drop out after sexual misconduct? Location
Who was the African American candidate who hoped to forge a rainbow coalition
Dem nomination in '88? Location
'88 Republican candidate
What does HW stand for in George H.W. Bush
Bush's father was senator from where
Where did Bush go to college
Yale... amassed large fortune in oil in Texas
Deepest commitment of Bush
Bush's posts in Republican admin?
emissary to China, ambassador to UN, director of CIA and VP
Bush promised to work for what
a kinder, gentler America
Where did prodemocracy demonstrators go and they proudly flourished a 30 ft high _______________ modeled on the Statue of Liberty as a symbol of their aspirations
Beijing's Tiananmen Square. Goddess of Dem.
Communist regimes collapsed where
Hungary, Czechoslovakia, East Germany and Romania... German's danced atop the Berlin Wall
President of Russian Republic who tried to dislodge Gorbachev?
SU's 15 republics called what? Most powerful?
Commonwealth of Independent States(CIS)... Russia
Bush spoke of what where democracy would reign and diplomacy would supersede weaponry?
New World Order
USSR was joked to becoming what
Romanians toppled what statue
Bush signed what with Russian Pres Yeltsin which committed both powers to reduce their long-range nuclear arsenals by 2/3s within 10 years
A conflict erupted in Russian Caucasus when ______ minority tried to declare their independence from Russia which prompted troops to be sent
Ethnic warfare flared where?
Yugoslavia racked by vicious ethnic cleansing campaigns
Western democracies felt threatened by what
social and economic weakness of former communist lands
What economic sector was heavily sustained by military contracts
'91, the Pentagon announced the closing of how many military bases and canceled a ___ billion order for a navy attack plane
34... 52 billion
Where did scores of defense plants shut their doors and unemployment soared
South Africa freed African leader ______ who had served ___ years in prison for conspiring to overthrow the government
Mandela-- 27 years in prison...4 years later he was elected South Africa's president
Where did Bush send airborne troops to capture what dictator and drug lord?
Brutal and ambitious leader of Iraq? Sent his armies to what tiny, oil-rich desert
Hussein... Kuwait-- Oil fueled Hussein's aggression
Hussein's larger design was ironfisted control over what
Persian Gulf Region
Arab's enemy Hussein wanted to extinguish?
Who helped build Huessein's military machine into a force?
Who condemned the invasion on Kuwait?
UN Sec. Council
Saddam did not leave which led to what?
US deployed military in Arabian Penn(539k men/women-- 270k from 28 other countries)
How many days did UN warplanes pummel Kuwait? How did Iraq respond?
37 days. Iraq launched scud(short range ballistic missiles) in Saudi Arabia and Israel
American general that took nothing for granted?
Schwarzkopf "Stormin Norman"
Iraq could spread epidemics of what
Land war began in Iraq was dubbed what? How long did it last
Operation Desert Storm... 4 days... the hundred-hour war
Saddam accepted a cease-fire, _____ was liberated
A landmark law prohibiting discrimination against the 43 million US citizens with physical or mental disabilities.
Americans with Disabilities Act(ADA)
The President signed a major _____ ______ bill in 1992 that fundamentally reformed the distribution of subsidized federal water in the West
What bill put the interests of environment ahead of agriculture, especially where?
water projects bill.. CA's Central Valley
New president aggravated what?
social issues that divided Americans
What organization challenged the legality of college scholarships targeted for racial minorities
Bush's Department of Education
Bush repeatedly threatened to veto what
civil rights legislation
Bush nominated what black SC jurist?
Thomas's nomination was opposed by who?
Following division over affirmative action and abortion, Senate Judiciary Committee concluded a divided ____ vote
Press leaked who accused Thomas of sexual harassment? Where was she a professor?
Hill. Law professor at U of Oklahoma
What vote ____ decided that Thomas was the second black on the supreme bench
52 to 48
First and second blacks to sit on supreme bench?
A ____ ___ opened between the two political parties, as pro-choice women grew increasingly cool toward the strong anti-abortion stand of the Republicans
1992, the unemployment exceeded __ percent. It approached __ percent in in CA
'88 elections Bush said?
"Read my lips-- no new taxes."
Reagan promised to be the champion of what?
promoted freemarket capitalism and reassertion of traditional family valies
Who did Reagan see eye-to-eye with thus strengthening the Anglo alliance?
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