BMP files are stored as 2D images of various dimensions, colors, and color depths without data compression, color profiles, or alpha channels. BMP images are stored in device-independent bitmap (DIB) formats, meaning the colors are specified for the image, not the specifications of the system. This explains why some BMP images look different on various machines. BMP images can be viewed on any device, including computer and television monitors. The lack of patents makes this image type common throughout technological devices.
Technical details of TIF files
BMP (bitmap image file, device independent bitmap file format, bitmap) files are raster images used for the storage of bitmap digital images separate from the display device.
The term bitmap derives from the computer programming idea of a map of bits.
JPG is a more preferred image format today, mainly due to the large file size of BMP images that can cause problems or delays when uploading, sending, or downloading said files.
PSD files allow graphic designers, producers, and other users to edit images using layers. Layers allow elements to be added and removed easily as well as different filters, effects, transparencies, and more to affect to be applied to an image. PSD files can be opened by various Photoshop programs and they can be flattened to other image formats (PNG, JPEG, GIF, etc) for uploading, sending and saving. Once converted from a PSD to another file type, all layers blended into one single layer. When saved under the PSD file extension the layers are saved, viewable, and can be edited. These files are often used as work-in-progress documents, not for final production and distribution of an image.
Technical details of TIF files
Photoshop files under the PSD file extension store the image while allowing for support of various editing options throughout the Adobe Photoshop programs. Some of these editing options include: masks, transparency, duotone settings, gradients, color balance, blending, clipping paths, and more. PSB files are similar to PSD files but can only support images with height and width up to 300.000 pixels with a length limit of 4 exabytes. Individual layers are saved as opposed to the image as a whole being saved. These proprietary file types are larger, but serve as working documents for graphic design projects. Conversion from PSD to other image types creates a compressed final product.
SVG files are two-dimensional, XML based vector images. The SVG specifications are open standard developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). SVG allows interactivity and animation, allowing users to search, index, script, and compress images. Text editors can open, create, and edit SVG files due to them being XML files, though drawing software is the more common creator of this file type. Most web browsers allow some sort of SVG rendering support. SVG files are capable of lossless data compression. They allow raster and vector graphics as well as text. In 2001, with the update 1.1, SVG Mobile was introduced, enabling users of mobile devices to open and view SVG files.
Technical details of SVG files
SVG defines vector-based graphics for online use into an XML format. Zooming and resizing does not alter the quality of the image. All parts and sections of SVG files are capable of animation. The W3C standards (including DOM and XSL) come with the SVG files under recommendation by W3C. Unlike raster images, vector images like those under the SVG file extension are composed of fixed sets of shapes, allowing for clearer images upon zooming and scaling. SVG files are capable of rich graphics and have compatibility with CSS styling to allow high levels of presentation editing.
MPEG-4 Part 14 files (MP4) are capable of storing multimedia such as audio, video, and subtitles. This file type is commonly used by Apple and other producers of mobile products which allow audio, still images, or video. This includes but is not limited to: audio books, songs, movies, videos, photos, and podcasts. MPEG-4 is the format often used in online streaming of videos. Many MP3 players advertise an MP4 ability, which simply means it can play audio files and some video files (not always actual MP4 files) as well. Movie, video, and audio files with an MP4 extension can be downloaded or streamed (for free online or through payment, such as iTunes).