25 terms

4th grade geography

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equator
an imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole
prime meridian
0 degrees longitude
globe
a sphere on which a map (especially of the earth) is represented
geography
study of the earth's surface, climate, continents, and how people interact with them
geographic term
A word that names a landform or body of water. Examples include bay, sea, peninsula, and island.
parallel of latitude
lines that circle earth from west to east
physical features
are the natural characteristic of the earth's surface (river, mountain, lake, forest).
meridian of longitude
an imaginary line that goes between the north and south poles that crosses the equator
compass rose
a symbol that shows directions on a map
cardinal points
The four main points on a compass
North America is located in what 2 hemispheres
northern & western
gulf
an arm of a sea or ocean partly enclosed by land
peninsula
land surrounded by water on three sides
delta
a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
tributary
a branch that flows into the main stream
valley
area of low land between hills or mountains
plains
Large pieces of flat land.
island
a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water
cape
point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean
sea
large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land
mouth
(of a river) place where a stream or river flows into a larger body of water
bay
part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally smaller than a gulf
mountain range
a series of connected mountains
lake
a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land
source
the place where a river begins
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