ANTH 240B: Chapter 10: Writing Systems
Terms in this set (...)
A graphic (visual) representation of units (morphemes, syllables, phonemes) of speech.
Logographic Writing (word-writing)
The symbols stand for whole words or morphemes.
Each symbol represents one syllable.
Each symbol, ideally, represents one specific phoneme.
Written symbols that represent a concept or word without indicating its pronunciation.
A logographic symbol that is a simplified picture-like representation of the thing it represents.
Refers to a writing system that uses predominantly logographic symbols, but also includes symbols (or elements of the logographic symbol) that represent sound.
Refers to a logophonetic system that includes both logographic and syllabic representations.
Refers to the process whereby logographic symbols come to represent sounds.
Refers to the process by which symbols, which once stood for whole one-syllable words, become symbols for those syllables, not the words they onced represented.
A language with no (or few) inflectional morphemes.
Words that sound the same but have different meanings.
Words that differ in meaning but are spelled the same.
Homophones and homographs that are pronounced the same.
Homographs that are not pronounced the same.
The process by which a word is pronounced as it is spelled, even if that pronunciation was not original or intended pronunciation. This often occurs for foreign words that enter a language.
Depiction has a like-life (emblematic) relationship to what it represents.
Visual aids that are used to make calculations or are meant to identify or remind the viewer of specific person, event, song, legend, or trail.
Northern Semitic Syllabary
A group of primarily syllabic writing systems developed by Semitic peoples from earlier logophonetic systems.
The process whereby a cultural item moves from one geographic area to another.
The process by which an idea, but not the actual cultural item, spreads from one geographical area to another.
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