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The Language of Medicine ENDOCRINE SYSTEM chap 18. part 1.

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aden/o
gland
hormones meaning
to urge on
home/o/stasis
tendency of an organism to maintain constant internal environment
endocrine glands
secrete hormones into blood
endo=
within
crine=
to secrete
thymus
produces thymosin; part of immune system
pineal gland
produces melotonin CNS
kidney
erythropoietin
stimulus
controls the activity of a gland
thyroid glands function?
metabolic control it targets all body cells
thyroxine and triiodothyronine are produced by?
thyroid gland
T4
thyroxine
T3
tri/iodo/thyronine
contains four atoms of iodine
T4
contains three atoms of iodine
T3
calcitonin(produced in thyroid gland)
sends calcium from blood to bones; lowers blood calcium
CT
calcitonin
eu/thyroid
good or normal levels of T4, T3
hyper/thyroid/ism
excess levels of T4, T3
hypo/thyroid/ism
insufficient levels of T4, T3
Graves disease also known as?
hyperthyroidism
ex/ophthalm/ia
protruding of the eyeballs
myxedema
atrophy of the thyroid gland; advanced hypothyroidism, cretinism, weight gain
parathyroid gland is controlled by what stimulus?
plasma calcium levels
parathyroid glands function?
maintain normal serum calcium levels
parathyroid glands target tissue?
bone and kidney (vitamin D production)
parathyroid gland secretes?
parathyroid hormones
parathyroid abbreviation?
PTH
PTH function is?
move calcium from bones into blood
parathyroid hormone also known as?
parathormone
adrenal glands are located superior aspect of?
kidneys
/renal
kidney
adrenal glands functions?
stress response, electrolyte levels, blood volume, inflammatory process
adrenal cortex controlled stimulus?
adrenocorticotropic hormone
adrenocorticotropic hormone abbreviation?
ACTH
adrenal glands two parts are named?
adrenal cortex; adrenal medulla
adrenal medulla is controlled by the?
autonomic nervous system
autonomic nervous system abbreviation?
ANS