The Language of Medicine ENDOCRINE SYSTEM chap 18. part 1.
to urge on
tendency of an organism to maintain constant internal environment
secrete hormones into blood
produces thymosin; part of immune system
produces melotonin CNS
controls the activity of a gland
thyroid glands function?
metabolic control it targets all body cells
thyroxine and triiodothyronine are produced by?
contains four atoms of iodine
contains three atoms of iodine
calcitonin(produced in thyroid gland)
sends calcium from blood to bones; lowers blood calcium
good or normal levels of T4, T3
excess levels of T4, T3
insufficient levels of T4, T3
Graves disease also known as?
protruding of the eyeballs
atrophy of the thyroid gland; advanced hypothyroidism, cretinism, weight gain
parathyroid gland is controlled by what stimulus?
plasma calcium levels
parathyroid glands function?
maintain normal serum calcium levels
parathyroid glands target tissue?
bone and kidney (vitamin D production)
parathyroid gland secretes?
PTH function is?
move calcium from bones into blood
parathyroid hormone also known as?
adrenal glands are located superior aspect of?
adrenal glands functions?
stress response, electrolyte levels, blood volume, inflammatory process
adrenal cortex controlled stimulus?
adrenocorticotropic hormone abbreviation?
adrenal glands two parts are named?
adrenal cortex; adrenal medulla
adrenal medulla is controlled by the?
autonomic nervous system
autonomic nervous system abbreviation?