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Era of Colonization

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subsistence.
The type of farming mostly practiced in New England was
rice.
The most profitable colonial-era cash crop along the coasts of South Carolina and Georgia was
enslaved Africans.
Labor for the Southern rice fields was mostly provided by
Middle Passage.
The leg of the triangular trade route in which enslaved Africans were shipped to the West Indies was known as the
Harvard
Name the first college in the United States.
tobacco.
The Jamestown settlers saved their colony by planting
charters
What did King James I grant to groups of merchants to organize settlements in an area in America?
Separatists.
The English protestants who believed the Anglican Church too corrupted by Catholic influences to be purified of them and wanted to leave and found their own churches were called
Pilgrims
The separatists who founded Plymouth Plantation are also known as what?
Massachusetts Bay Company
Puritans formed the New England Company and received a royal charter to establish the
pacifists
People who refuse to use force or fight in wars are called
William Penn
Who wrote Pennsylvania's first constitution?
Act of Toleration
What law granted the right to worship freely in Maryland?
Georgia
Which colony was created so debtors and poor people could start over?
missions
Religious settlements established in the American Southwest by the Spanish were called
Great Migration
Mass movement between 1629 and 1640 in which 15,000 to 20,000 Puritans migrated to New England
Nathaniel Bacon
__________ led a rebellion in 1676 against the government of colonial Virginia after the government refused to attack Native Americans and seize their lands. His troops occupied the capital (Jamestown) and burned it to the ground. The rebellion collapsed after he died of dysentery in October of 1676.
Jamestown
In 1608 when the ships arrived at ______________ with supplies, only 38 of the original 144 settlers were still alive.
Puritans
The ____________________ came to America for religious freedom, but refused to grant the same freedom to people of other faiths.
Indentured servants
__________ were settlers who signed on for a temporary period of servitude to a master in exchange for passage to the New World.
New Amsterdam
The city of ____________________ became New York City after being seized from the Dutch by the English.
New Orleans
The French founded the city of ____________________ near the mouth of the Mississippi River.
Puritans
The English protestants who believed that the Anglican Church needed to be purified of Catholic influences were called
John Rolfe
__________ is known for giving Virginia its first cash crop (tobacco) in 1611, and for marrying Pocahontas in 1614.
Magna Carta
Issued in 1215, the __________ was the first written document placing limits on the power of the English monarch.
Boston, New York City, Philadelphia and Charleston
At the end of the colonial era, the four major port cities in the thirteen colonies what would soon become the United States were
Massachusetts Bay
Which colony was founded to be a "City Upon a Hill" to serve as an example for a proper Christian society?
dogma
A fervently held belief (religious, political, etc.) that is very resistant to any change is a (an)
William Penn
King Charles the II payed off a debt owed to __________ by granting him a huge tract of land in British North America. He used the land to found the colony of Pennsylvania as a refuge for Quakers.
Thomas Hooker
__________ left Massachusetts Bay to help found Hartford (later capital of Connecticut). He objected to the requirement in Massachusetts that voters must be full members of the church.
Quakers
To what famously pacifist religious group did William Penn belong?
House of Burgesses (Virginia)
The first colonial legislature in North America was the
African slaves
The first recorded arrival of __________ in British North America was aboard a Dutch ship in 1619.
King James I
________ published a pamphlet that said smoking tobacco was "a custom loathsome to the eye, hateful to the nose, harmful to the brain, dangerous to the lungs".
Squanto (Tisquantum)
__________ was an English-speaking Pawtuxet Indian who helped the first Pilgrims survive by showing them how to grow maize and serving as an interpreter during negotiations with the Wampanoag tribe.
King Henry VIII
Which English king broke with the Catholic Church and started the Church of England?
Anne Hutchinson
__________ was put on trial and banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony after challenging the authority of church leaders during meetings in his or her home. __________ believed that people could communicate directly with God, but the church leaders believed that people could only find God through the Bible as interpreted by them.
Roger Williams
__________ was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony after challenging the authority of church leaders by calling for the separation of church and state. After being banished, he traveled south and founded Providence (later part of Rhode Island) on land purchased from the local Native Americans.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
The first written constitution in the western hemisphere was the
tobacco
During the early colonial period, what was the major cash crop in the northern part of Carolina?
Quakers'
The __________ beliefs in equality and pacifism caused them to be persecuted in England and elsewhere -- including the execution of several in Massachusetts
House of Commons and the House of Lords
What are the two "Houses" of Parliament?
James I
Who succeeded Elizabeth I on England's throne?
Oliver Cromwell
Who served as a commander of the Parliamentary forces during the English Civil War (New Model Army) and served as the Lord Protector of England until his death in 1658?
Jamestown
The first successful English colony in North America was
Glorious Revolution
This 1688 event was the second time in the 17th century that Parliament deposed an English King (James II was replaced with William and Mary).
John Smith
Though he showed up in North America in chains, __________ became the leader of the Jamestown colony in Virginia and helped the colony survive its early "starving times" and conflicts with the Powhatan Confederacy.
Pequot War
War involving Native Americans and Puritans in New England during the mid-1630s. The Mystic massacre occurred during this conflict.
King Philip's War (Great Narragansett War)
One of the bloodiest wars (per capita) in American history, this war involving Puritan colonists and Native Americans erupted across New England in the late 1670s. It ended with a devastating defeat for the Native Americans.
English Civil War
The main cause of the drop in Puritan migration to New England after 1640 was the
fur trade
The Dutch settled what came to be known as New Netherland (later New York). It's early economy was based primarily on the __________.
Iroquois League
The Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca tribes are collectively known as the
fall line
The furthest upriver a ship could sail during colonial times, due to rapids or waterfalls.
tobacco, rice, indigo
What were three major market or cash crops grown in the southern colonies?
"ye olde deluder Satan" Act
Alternate name for the law in early Massachusetts that required the establishment of schools as needed to teach children how to read and provide for general literacy among the inhabitants.
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